Brick bonds and details
The simplest to lay, and therefore the most common, the bricks are laid flat long side to the face of the wall.
Using only the header (end) of the brick as the facing wall. This is particularly strong as the width of the wall is the whole length of a brick.
One course in stretcher bond, and one course in header bond.
Three courses of stretchers to one of headers.
One course of flemish to three stretchers courses. Also called Garden wall bond but despite the name, most garden walls are built in flemish or stretcher bond.
One header course to five stretcher courses.
Headers and stretchers laid on edge. Usually used for garden walls. Laid on edge as a money saving method, but not particularly strong compared with a conventional flat laid brick. Also known as Chinese bond.
Often used as infill to timber frame buildings, the bricks are laid at 45° in a zig-zag pattern.
Bricks are laid in squares of three at 90° to each other square.
Rubbed brick header
The brick steps out as the wall rises. Often used in chimneys.
Also known as Flemish gable.
Bell shape gable
Originating from Amsterdam. A variation of the Dutch gable.
A recess in a wall to hold a bee skep.
illustrations © Oast House Archive