Collaborative Landforms Gallery
Published: 1 September 2012
This gallery is being built collaboratively, images from Britain and Ireland have been provided to illustrate various landforms extracted from a list of Wikipedia Articles with category Landforms. Contents shown are for this page; there is a full list on first page
The Ouse Washes in the Fens of Cambridgeshire and Norfolk is an area of seasonally flooding wet grassland (washland) lying between the Old and New Bedford Rivers. These are derived from the River Ouse, a major tributary of East Anglia's Wash. They were cut in the 17th century (and earlier) by the Dutch engineer Cornelius Vermuyden as part of the programme to drain the fens of floodwater for agriculture. In 1630, King Charles I granted a drainage charter to the 4th Earl of Bedford who engaged the Dutch engineer Cornelius Vermuyden to construct the two Bedford rivers. The purpose of the new rivers was to facilitate drainage of the Great Ouse between Earith and Downham Market. The area between the rivers is 20 miles (32 km) long and almost a mile wide and acts as washland, i.e. a floodplain during the winter and, increasingly, also in summer. There is today an important RSPB reserve on part of the Washes.
The Nene Washes run from Peterborough to Rings End near Guyhirn. They are an area of seasonally flooding wet grassland (washland) lying between a bank of the River Nene and another bank south of Mortonís Leam and stretching for 12 miles from Peterborough across the Cambridgeshire fens. The washes have local names, Guyhirn Wash, Whittlesey Wash, High Wash, Eldernell Wash etc but are collectively known as The Nene Washes. One of the earliest Fenland drains, Mortonís Leam, dug in the late 15th century flows in almost a straight line parallel to the current course of the River Nene through the washes. At times of potential flooding along The Nene Valley water is channelled from The River Nene into Mortonís Leam and onto the washes. Water is released from The Washes via a sluice gate near Guyhirn and back into the River Nene at low tide when the threat of flooding the surrounding fenland has subsided. Several hundred acres are now owned/managed by The RSPB RSPB reserve. Possibly the best known area is Whittlesey Wash which is crossed by B1040 Whittlesey to Thorney road.
Dating back at least to the creation of the New River by the Abbots of Crowland in the 11th century, the Welland Washes include the Crowland High Wash, the Crowland Fodder Lots and Cowbit Wash. The New River marks the southern extent, and the Welland the North. They are both embanked above the fenland. The Welland Washes have not been often flooded in recent years, since the building of the Coronation Channel provided another way of protecting Spalding. The Geograph collection does not contain any images of the Welland Washes under water, but this Pathe Newsreel and the Cowbit village web site preserve older images, and there are many others Like this.
River Trent Washland
The Trent Valley Washland are a scattered series of floodlands through Warwickshire, Staffordshire, Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire and Leicestershire. Exrensive modern flood defences have reduced the incidence of flooding, and much of the valley has been mined for gravel, the pits themselves now filled with water.
Washlands are to be found around The River Uck at Isfield in Sussex, at Woodhouse Washes in Yorkshire, and elsewhere in England. New Washlands are being created on the Sussex Ouse and in other areas under European directives on habitat diversity.
River Rother, Eastbridge in Suffolk, Over, Castleford in Yorkshire, Adwick Upon Dearne
meltwater drops over the edge of a tabular iceberg or ice shelf.
depression in the ground in which water can collect.
This gallery was built by: Alan Fryer, Andrew Curtis, Anne Burgess, Barry Hunter, Bob Harvey, David Hawgood, Derek Harper, E Gammie, Evelyn Simak, Karl and Ali, Pauline Eccles, Penny Mayes, Richard Humphrey, Richard Webb, Richard West, Robin Stott, Roger Jones, Rudi Winter and Stephen Richards
Text from Wikipedia, is copyright Wikimedia Foundation, and reused under a Creative Commons Licence
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