Collaborative Landforms Gallery

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Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   Text © Copyright September 2012, Barry Hunter; licensed for re-use under a Creative Commons Licence.
Images also under a similar Creative Commons Licence.

This gallery is being built collaboratively, images from Britain and Ireland have been provided to illustrate various landforms extracted from a list of Wikipedia Articles with category LandformsExternal link. Contents shown are for this page; there is a full list on first page


In Scottish geographyExternal link, a Carse (the modern form of older ScotsExternal link kerse) is an area of low-lying, typically alluvialExternal link and fertile land occupying certain Scottish river valleys, such as that of the River ForthExternal link.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

NY0286 : Deer at Carse of Ae by Iain Thompson NH8356 : Carse of Delnies, Inverness-shire by Claire Pegrum NH7158 : Farmland at Carse of Raddery by Alan Reid NO3134 : Muirloch by Richard Webb NO2429 : Carse of Gowrie towards Dundee by Karen Vernon NN7922 : Trees beside the old Lawers West Drive by Dr Richard Murray

Chalk heath

Chalk heath is a rare habitat, in the Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublandsExternal link biomeExternal link, formed of a paradoxical mixture of shallow-rooted calcifugeExternal link ("calcium-hating") and deeper-rooted calcicoleExternal link ("calcium-loving") plants, growing on a thin layer of acidicExternal link soil over an alkalineExternal link substrate. Chalk heath is intermediate between two much more widespread habitats, chalk grasslandExternal link and heathlandExternal link.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

Lullington Heath National Nature ReserveExternal link.
Natural England describe it: "The slightly acid, fine soil has allowed the development of an intimately mixed chalk and heath plant community. Acid loving heathers and tormentil grow among plants such as thyme, salad burnet and dropwort, which have adapted to the chalk."
TQ5401 : Lullington Heath by Simon Carey TQ5401 : Lullington Heath, East Sussex - can you see the fox? by Kevin Gordon TQ5401 : Lullington Heath by Ian Cunliffe TQ5401 : Lullington Heath - view to the south-west by Ian Cunliffe TQ5401 : Exmoor ponies on Lullington Heath by Peter Barr TQ5401 : Foredown Hill, Lullington Heath, near Jevington, East Sussex by Kevin Gordon TQ5401 : Lullington Heath National Nature Reserve by Robin Webster TQ5401 : Track through Lullington Heath Nature Reserve by Oast House Archive TQ5401 : Lullington Heath - clearing work in progress by Ian Cunliffe TQ5401 : Lullington Heath - a solitary tree by Ian Cunliffe TQ5401 : Footpath into Lullington Heath, East Sussex by Kevin Gordon TQ5401 : horses on Lullington Heath by Ian Cunliffe TQ5401 : Footpath north of Lullington Heath, towards Jevington, East Sussex by Kevin Gordon TQ5401 : View along bridleway 6d in the parish of Cuckmere Valley by Dave Spicer TQ5401 : Cattle on Lullington Heath by Ian Cunliffe
Headley Heath owned by the National TrustExternal link, a Site of Special Scientific Interest. Also see the Friends of Headley HeathExternal link. Natural EnglandExternal link say: "Chalk heath occurs on a small area of Headley Heath where the special conditions allow both acid and lime-loving plants to grow side by side."
TQ2053 : Goodman's Furze by Derek Harper TQ2053 : Headley Heath by Derek Harper TQ2053 : Headley Heath by Colin Smith TQ1953 : Headley Heath, North Downs by Colin Smith TQ2053 : Headley Heath: Purley Plain by Hugh Craddock TQ1953 : Headley Heath: Dean Wood Heath by Hugh Craddock TQ1953 : Headley Heath by Colin Smith

Chute (gravity)

As a landform a chute, also known as a race, flume, or river canyon, is a steep-sided passage through which water flows rapidly; examples below are of this type of chute. A waterfall, cascade, rapid, cataract, gorge, force, ess, eas, or linn is also this type of chute. A chute can also be a vertical or inclined planeExternal link, channel, or passage through which objects are moved by means of gravityExternal link.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

NN2837 : Chicken Chute on the Orchy by Andy Waddington NN8487 : Water chute on Allt Lorgaidh above Glen Feshie, Aviemore by ian shiell NN8487 : Water chute on Allt Lorgaidh above Glen Feshie, Aviemore by ian shiell NT9517 : Linhope Spout by Andrew Curtis NY8738 : The River Wear near Ireshopeburn by Uncredited SH5759 : Rhaeadr Llanberis Waterfall  c1976 by Tom Morrison


A col in the geographic (as opposed to meteorological) sense is a geomorphologicalExternal link term referring to the lowest point on a mountain ridge between two peaks. It may also be called a saddle, although that usually has a wider meaning and may contain a mountain passExternal link. The height of a summit above its highest col is effectively a measure of a mountain's prominenceExternal link, an important measure of the independence of its summit. Cols lie on the line of the watershedExternal link between two mountainsExternal link, often on a prominent ridge or arĂȘteExternal link.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

NY2006 : Mickledore and Scafell Crag by K  A Satellite view of colExternal link
NY2528 : Carl Side Col by Philip Halling NY3612 : Deepdale Hause by Andrew Smith
NS9114 : On the Saddle between Glen Ea's Hill and Dun Law by Chris HeatonExample of saddle, with map to show contours. The summit of Dun Law is just off the bottom right of the map, the saddle is between that and Glen Ea's Hill.
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright


A couloir (a FrenchExternal link word meaning "passage" or "corridor"), is a narrow gullyExternal link with a steep gradient in a mountainous terrain.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

NN1671 : The cliffs of the north face of Ben Nevis by Peter S NN1671 : Crags and Cornices by K  A NY3710 : Dove Crag by Mick Garratt NH9902 : Red Gully by Richard Webb NH9902 : A climber nears the top of Aladdin's Couloir by John Fielding NH9902 : The top of Aladdin's Couloir by John Fielding NH9903 : Coire an t-Sneachda by John Fielding NN2345 : Summit ridge of Stob Gabhar by Derek Brown

Cyclopean Stairs

Cyclopean stairs form as a result of glacial erosion. The term refers to the longitudinal profile of a glaciated valley that has several consecutive hanging valleysExternal link.
Wikipedia pageExternal link
We may not have good examples in Britain and Ireland.

NG8145 : Coire na Poite from the lochan by Jim BartonTerraces of Torridonian sandstone - certainly "stairs" but not the hanging valleys of the Wikipedia definition.

SH6155 : Hanging valley above Llyn Glas with Y Grib Goch in the background by Eric Jones On Snowdon there are some series of hanging valleys. Here there is a hanging valley above Llyn Glas, which is itself in a hanging valley, and Afon Las then falls steeply down to a further valley - and finally into the Llanberis Pass.


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