Collaborative Landforms Gallery

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This gallery is being built collaboratively, images from Britain and Ireland have been provided to illustrate various landforms extracted from a list of Wikipedia Articles with category LandformsExternal link. Contents shown are for this page; there is a full list on first pageExternal link


A grotto (Italian grotta and French "grotte") is any type of natural or artificial caveExternal link that is associated with modern, historic or prehistoric use by humans. When it is not an artificial garden featureExternal link, a grotto is often a small cave near water and often flooded or liable to flood at high tideExternal link. The picturesque Grotta AzzurraExternal link at CapriExternal link and the grotto of the villa of TiberiusExternal link in the Bay of NaplesExternal link are outstanding natural seashore grottoes. Whether in tidal water or high up in hills, they are very often in limestoneExternal link geologyExternal link where the acidity dissolved in percolating waterExternal link has dissolvedExternal link the carbonatesExternal link of the rock matrix as it has passed through what were originally small fissures. See karst topographyExternal link, cavernExternal link.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

SD7570 : The Grotto by John Illingworth SJ3788 : Sefton Park Grotto by Paul Brooker NM3235 : Inside Fingal's Cave by Rob Farrow NZ3964 : The Marsden Grotto by Andrew Curtis NZ0886 : Hartburn Grotto by Andrew Curtis NZ0886 : Hartburn Grotto, outer chamber by Andrew Curtis NR8830 : Inside King's Cave by David Hawgood NG5312 : Spar Cave by John Allan


A heath or heathland is a shrublandExternal link habitatExternal link found mainly on low quality acidicExternal link soils, and is characterised by open, low growing woody vegetationExternal link. There are some clear differences between heath and moorlandExternal link. For example moorland has a very peaty topsoil, often wet, whereas a heath is on poor and usually sandy lowland soil. Moorland is generally related to high-ground heaths with†‚Ä especially in Great Britain†‚Ä a cooler and damper climate.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

SU3500 : Beaulieu Heath by E Gammie SU3401 : Beaulieu Heath by E Gammie TF2262 : Heather and bracken, Kirkby Moor by E Gammie SU8841 : Steep track going north on Hankley Common by Shazz TG0941 : Ancient heathland by Evelyn Simak SU8841 : Longmoor Base by Ben Gamble SU9457 : Across Sheet's Heath by Paul E Smith SX9176 : Path through the heather, Little Haldon by Robin Stott SX9276 : Eastern slopes of Little Haldon by Robin Stott SX9078 : Flint-floored bridleway, Ideford Common by Robin Stott SX9078 : Track, across Ideford Common by Roger Cornfoot SX9177 : View towards Little Haldon by Roger Cornfoot TL7806 : Post 5, Nature Trail by Roger Jones
Heath turned into agricultural land: SP4471 : Bourton Heath by Ian Rob


The term highland(s) or upland(s) is used to denote any mountainousExternal link region or elevated mountainous plateauExternal link. Generally speaking, the term upland (or uplands) tends to be used for ranges of hillsExternal link, typically up to 500-600m, and highland (or highlands) for ranges of low mountainsExternal link.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

SD8494 : Pennine Way crosses Black Hill Moss by Roger Templeman SK1086 : Grindslow Knoll, Peak District by Martin Clark SH6863 : Carnedd Dafydd viewed from Bwlch Cyfrwy-drum by Philip Halling SH6558 : The Cantilever by Barry Hunter SH6558 : Tryfan Summit From Glyder Fach by Terry Hughes SH6054 : Llyn Llydaw and Snowdon by brian NH9903 : The Cairngorm plateaux by Walter Baxter NJ0004 : The Glen More Cairngorm by Richard Webb NN1671 : The cliffs of the north face of Ben Nevis by Peter NN1950 : View across Glen Etive, near Dalness by Graham Steven NN2053 : Buachaille Etive Mor by Toby Speight


A hillock or knoll is a small hill, usually separated from a larger group of hillsExternal link such as a rangeExternal link. Hillocks are similar in their distribution and size to small mesasExternal link or buttesExternal link. The term is largely a British one. This particular formation occurs often in Great BritainExternal link and ChinaExternal link. One of the most famous knolls is the one near Kennedy's point of assassination. The Grassy KnollExternal link.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

NG3338 : Hillocks of Rock and Grass by Hilmar Ilgenfritz NG4163 : Hillocks in Fairy Glen by Dave Fergusson H5371 : Hillock, Bancran by Kenneth  Allen NR3264 : Cnoc Donn Mor, Islay by Becky Williamson SN8025 : Tomen Llechach by Alan Bowring SO1195 : Conical hill near Pontyperchill Farm by Penny Mayes SO1396 : The road to Bettws by Penny Mayes SJ1508 : Sheep at Cefn du uchaf by Penny Mayes TG1743 : View across the camp site, Beeston Regis by Penny Mayes ST3530 : Burrow Mump (hill hill) by Penny Mayes SX7970 : Shapely knoll by Robin Stott SP1463 : Field boundary south of Wootton Hill Farm by Robin Stott SX8069 : Rattley's Pole by Robin Stott SX8572 : Knoll by Whitehill Road by Robin Stott SP1265 : High voltage lines east of Oldberrow by Robin Stott SP1863 : Knoll near Langley Range by Robin Stott SX7970 : Cattle on a knoll by Robin Stott SP1568 : Camp Hill by Robin Stott

Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   Text © Copyright September 2012, Barry Hunter; licensed for reuse under a Creative Commons Licence.
With contributions by David Hawgood and Stephen Craven. (details)

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