Collaborative Landforms Gallery

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Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   Text © Copyright September 2012, Barry Hunter; licensed for re-use under a Creative Commons Licence.
Images also under a similar Creative Commons Licence.

This gallery is being built collaboratively, images from Britain and Ireland have been provided to illustrate various landforms extracted from a list of Wikipedia Articles with category LandformsExternal link. Contents shown are for this page; there is a full list on first page

Fault scarp

A fault scarp is the topographicExternal link expression of faultingExternal link attributed to the displacement of the land surface by movement along faults. They are exhibited either by differential movement and subsequent erosionExternal link along an old inactive geologic faultExternal link (a sort of old rupture), or by a movement on a recent active fault. Fault scarps often contain highly fractured rock of both hard and weak consistency. In many cases, bluffs form from the upthrown block and can be very steep. The height of the scarp formation is equal to the vertical displacement along the fault. Active scarps are usually formed by tectonicExternal link displacement, e.g. when an earthquakeExternal link changes the elevation of the ground, and can be caused by any type of fault, including strike-slip faultsExternal link, whose motion is primarily horizontal. This movement is usually episodic, with the height of the bluffs being the result of multiple movements over time. Displacement of around 5 to 10 meters per tectonic event is common.
Wikipedia pageExternal link
Yorkshire - Dent FaultExternal link - western edges of the Yorkshire Dales
SD7398 : Harter Fell and the corner of the enclosure by Karl and Ali SD6886 : Close to the Dent Fault on Stone Rigg by Karl and Ali
Yorkshire - [LinkExternal link]Craven Fault[/url]
SD7965 : Giggleswick Scar by Gordon Hatton SD9163 : Cross Field Knotts by John Illingworth SD8264 : Hillside above Settle and the Langcliffe mills by Trevor Rickard
Dumfries and Galloway - North Solway Fault
NX8552 : Carboniferous Strata near the North Solway Fault by Anne Burgess NX8552 : View along the Solway Firth coast from Castlehill Point by Eileen Henderson
Shetlands, Ollaberry Fault
HU3781 : Ollaberry Fault by peter knudssen
Shetlands, Ronas Fault
HU2683 : Stack of Sumra from Bratta Beck by Tim Harrison


A fellfield or fell field comprises the environment of a slope, usually alpineExternal link or tundraExternal link, where the dynamics of frostExternal link (freeze and thaw cycles) and of windExternal link give rise to characteristic plant forms in screeExternal link interstices.
Wikipedia pageExternal link
Shetland Islands - Keen of Hamar National Nature ReserveExternal link
HP6410 : North side of the Keen of Hamar by Mike Pennington HP6513 : Slopes of the Hill of Clibberswick by Mike Pennington


A fen is one of the four main types of wetlandExternal link, and is usually fed by mineral-rich surface water or groundwater. Fens are characterised by their water chemistry, which is neutralExternal link or alkalineExternal link, with relatively high dissolved mineralExternal link levels but few other plant nutrientsExternal link. They are usually dominated by grasses and sedges, and typically have brown mosses in general including Scorpidium or Drepanocladus. Fens frequently have a high diversity of other plant species including carnivorous plants such as PinguiculaExternal link. They may also occur along large lakes and rivers where seasonal changes in water level maintain wet soils with few woody plants. The distribution of individual species of fen plants is often closely connected to water regimes and nutrient concentrations.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

Wicken Fen, an area of preserved Cambridgeshire Fen.
TL5570 : Wicken Fen by Trevor Harris TL5570 : Wicken Fen by Hugh Venables TL5570 : Sedge Fen Drove, Wicken Fen by Rob Noble TL5670 : Wicken Lode by Jay Haywood TL5670 : Wicken Lode, Wicken Fen by Hugh Venables
TL3586 : Reeds on Round House Drove, Tick Fen, Warboys by Richard Humphrey Reeds
TL2299 : Ditch near the Lake Settlement, Flag Fen by Richard Humphrey TL2298 : Flag Fen Bronze Age village, Peterborough by Richard Humphrey Flag Fen
TL4279 : Reeds - The Ouse Washes at Sutton Gault by Richard Humphrey Ouse Washes, seasonally flooding wet grassland.

Cambridgeshire Fens, drained to form farmland.
TL3899 : Big sky and flat fields - The Fens by Richard Humphrey TF2801 : Potato crop on Upper Knarr Fen south of Thorney by Richard Humphrey TL3382 : Looking towards the edge of the Cambridgeshire Fens by Richard Humphrey TL3899 : Flooded stubble field on White Moor near March by Richard Humphrey TL5579 : The black fens of Ely by Richard Humphrey TL3683 : Gaunt Fen near Chatteris by Richard Humphrey TF3406 : Only the shadows are growing by Richard Humphrey TF3009 : Winter cereal just starting to grow on North Fen by Richard Humphrey TF3502 : Adventurers' Land near Guyhirn by Richard Humphrey TL4176 : A paddy field in The Fens ? by Richard Humphrey TL3988 : Track onto Curf Fen near Chatteris by Richard Humphrey


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