Collaborative Landforms Gallery

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Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   Text © Copyright September 2012, Barry Hunter; licensed for re-use under a Creative Commons Licence.
Images also under a similar Creative Commons Licence.

This gallery is being built collaboratively, images from Britain and Ireland have been provided to illustrate various landforms extracted from a list of Wikipedia Articles with category LandformsExternal link. Contents shown are for this page; there is a full list on first page

Gat (landform)

A gat (GermanExternal link: Seegatt, Seegat or diminutive Gatje) is a water channel that is constantly eroded by currents flowing back and forth, such as tidal currents. It is usually a relatively narrow but deep (up to 30 metres) passage between land masses (islands and peninsulas) or shallow bars in an area of mudflatsExternal link, as well as less deep on lagoon coasts, including those without any tidal rangeExternal link. The name comes from the Low GermanExternal link and DutchExternal link word Gat = gap. The word is incorporated into several proper names, which may or may not be true gats, including the KattegatExternal link, Veerse GatExternal link and Fisherman's GatExternal link.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

The term gat is not used in the British Isles (it does not appear in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary). Looking for the nearest equivalents, we find tidal creeks and tidal races.

Tidal creeks
TQ8385 : Channel through the marsh by Roger Jones TQ8397 : Salt Marsh & Mudflats by Roger Jones TL9304 : Channel through the saltings by Roger Jones TF4134 : The Wash coast in winter - Blue creek in the frozen salt marsh by Richard Humphrey TF5825 : Tidal creek in the salt marsh near Ongar Hill by Richard Humphrey TF4034 : The Wash coast in winter - Lawyer's Creek crossing the frozen salt marsh by Richard Humphrey TF4828 : Deep creek in the salt marsh by Richard Humphrey TF5326 : Crossing the "creeky" bridge in The Wash by Richard Humphrey TF5427 : Creeks in The Breast Sand, The Wash by Richard Humphrey TF5026 : Creek in the salt marshes near Sutton Bridge by Richard Humphrey TF4034 : The Wash coast in winter - Tidal creek without a bridge by Richard Humphrey TF4034 : The Wash coast in winter - Tidal creek in the frozen salt marsh by Richard Humphrey

Tidal races
SC1666 : Thousla tidal race by M J Richardson L9431 : Tidal rapids by Jonathan Wilkins NF9381 : Tide race through The Reef by Russel Wills NM6410 : Garbh Eileach from N point of Eileach an Naoimh by ronnie leask SH5737 : Erosion of Traeth Bach mudflats by David Medcalf NF7663 : The tidal channel that separates Eilean Chirceboist by Richard Law

Gowt, Gout or Gote

Possibly related to Gat a Gowt is a drain, sewer, or water outfall. The word is common in the Fenlands and also in the Somerset Levels, but occurs in other parts of England and Wales. Gowt tends to be used in the east for artificial waterways, and Gout in the west for culverted watercourses, although this is nowhere definite. There is a popular idea that the word is a contraction of 'go-out' but that is likely to be a back-formation. Dutch has a similar word Gote, and old Anglo-Saxon getan 'to pour'.

The Great Gowt, Lincoln
The Great Gowt is linked to Sincil Drain and the Witham, and the name of the church at St Peters At Gowts shows its antiquity.
SK9770 : Gowt's Bridge by Richard Croft SK9770 : The Church of St Peter-at-Gowts and St Andrew by Dave Hitchborne

Other Lincolnshire Gowts
Red Gowt, Guthram Gowt, Anton's Gowt, Blue Gowt, Covenham Gowt, Black Gowt
TF5369 : Red Gowt Bridge by Richard Croft TF1722 : Guthram Gowt rainfall monitoring station telemetry hut sign by Bob Harvey TF3047 : Anton's Gowt bridge by Richard Croft TF2324 : Blue Gowt Drove and ditch near Pinchbeck by Richard Humphrey TF3393 : The Gowt, Covenham St Mary by Peter Church TF4593 : Black Gowt, Saltfleet: new sea defences at Saltfleet Haven by Chris

Tydd Gote
TF4517 : Tydd Gote bridge over The North Level Main Drain by Richard Humphrey

Peterstone Gout, Rushen Gout, Lower Gout Farm, Cake Pill Gout
ST2780 : Peterstone Gout by Steve Sheppard ST5890 : Rushen Gout by Robin Stott ST3961 : Lower Gout Farm, near Banwell by John Lord ST5588 : Cake Pill Gout by Dr Duncan Pepper


A grotto (Italian grotta and French "grotte") is any type of natural or artificial caveExternal link that is associated with modern, historic or prehistoric use by humans. When it is not an artificial garden featureExternal link, a grotto is often a small cave near water and often flooded or liable to flood at high tideExternal link. The picturesque Grotta AzzurraExternal link at CapriExternal link and the grotto of the villa of TiberiusExternal link in the Bay of NaplesExternal link are outstanding natural seashore grottoes. Whether in tidal water or high up in hills, they are very often in limestoneExternal link geologyExternal link where the acidity dissolved in percolating waterExternal link has dissolvedExternal link the carbonatesExternal link of the rock matrix as it has passed through what were originally small fissures. See karst topographyExternal link, cavernExternal link.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

SD7570 : The Grotto by John Illingworth SJ3788 : Sefton Park Grotto by Paul Brooker NM3235 : Inside Fingal's Cave by Rob Farrow NZ3964 : The Marsden Grotto by Andrew Curtis NZ0886 : Hartburn Grotto by Andrew Curtis NZ0886 : Hartburn Grotto, outer chamber by Andrew Curtis NR8830 : Inside King's Cave by David Hawgood NG5312 : Spar Cave by John Allan


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