Collaborative Landforms Gallery

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Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   Text © Copyright September 2012, Barry Hunter; licensed for re-use under a Creative Commons Licence.
Images also under a similar Creative Commons Licence.

This gallery is being built collaboratively, images from Britain and Ireland have been provided to illustrate various landforms extracted from a list of Wikipedia Articles with category LandformsExternal link. Contents shown are for this page; there is a full list on first page

Intertidal zone

The intertidal zone, also known as the foreshore and seashore and sometimes referred to as the littoral zoneExternal link, is the area that is above waterExternal link at low tideExternal link and under water at high tideExternal link (in other words, the area between tide marks). This area can include many different types of habitats, with many types of animals like starfish, sea urchins, and some species of coral. The well known area also includes steep rocky cliffsExternal link, sandy beachesExternal link, or wetlandsExternal link (e.g., vast mudflatsExternal link). The area can be a narrow strip, as in Pacific islandsExternal link that have only a narrow tidal range, or can include many metres of shoreline where shallow beach slopes interact with high tidal excursion.
The Intertidal Zone landform includes Intertidal Wetlands, see previous page. Some of our examples for Shore are of intertidal zones.

Wikipedia pageExternal link

SD4770 : "Slag Point", Keer estuary by Karl and Ali NY5814 : An alien shore, Hardendale Quarry by Karl and Ali SD4770 : A desolate shore, Warton Sands by Karl and Ali SD4771 : The weird and wonderful world of Warton Sands by Karl and Ali TA1280 : Filey beach in November by Pauline E SS4339 : Croyde Beach by Pauline E SN1403 : Monkstone beach at low tide by Pauline E TA1179 : Ebb tide, Filey by Pauline E NZ8911 : Whitby Sands, August Bank Holiday by Pauline E SM8332 : Ebb tide at Aber Draw by Pauline E SS4543 : Wide expanse of beach at Woolacombe by Pauline E SS0197 : Low Tide at Freshwater East by Pauline E TA0684 : View over Karl Stones by Pauline E NZ8612 : Ebb tide, Sandsend by Pauline E TA1179 : Muston Sands by Pauline E SN0039 : Ebb tide, Pwllgwaelod by Pauline E SM8023 : Low Tide at Solva by Pauline E SN1405 : Low Tide by Pauline E TR2169 : Foreshore between Reculver and Beltinge by E Gammie TR2269 : Rocky foreshore at Reculver by E Gammie SH5910 : Rocky foreshore at Llwyngwril by E Gammie


Karst topography is a geological formation shaped by the dissolutionExternal link of a layer or layers of soluble bedrockExternal link, usually carbonate rockExternal link such as limestoneExternal link or dolomiteExternal link, but has also been documented for weatheringExternal link resistant rocks, such as quartziteExternal link, given the right conditions.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

SD8964 : Limestone pavement above Malham Cove by Christopher Hilton SD8964 : Prior Rakes hawthorn tree by Mike Green SD7571 : Ingleborough Cave by Val Vannet SD8964 : Top of Malham Cove by John Dyason M1409 : The Burren - R477 - Murrooghtoohy - Burren Landscape, Homes, Atlantic Ocean by Joseph Mischyshyn M2305 : Karst north of Ailwee by Andy Waddington SD7477 : Southerscales by Mike Green G6250 : Karst surface by Jonathan Wilkins NC2621 : Karst Weathering by Anne Burgess L8209 : Limestone Karst by Anne Burgess

Little Switzerland (landscape)

A little Switzerland or Schweiz is a landscapeExternal link, often of wooded hills. This RomanticExternal link aesthetic term is not a geographic category, but was widely used in the 19th century to connote dramatic natural scenic features that would be of interest to tourists. Since it was ambiguous from the very beginning, it was flexibly used in travel writing to imply that a landscape had some features, though on a much smaller scale, which might remind a visitor of SwitzerlandExternal link.

The many English places praised in 19th century promotional literature as "little Switzerland" include Church Stretton, Whitfield and the coastal area around the North Devon twin towns of Lynton and Lynmouth. Chalet-style buildings were sometimes erected to emphasize little Switzerland pretensions, for example at Matlock Bath, which (unusual for England) also features a cable car.

Wikipedia pageExternal link

SK2958 : High Tor from the Heights of Abraham by Trevor Rickard The Derwent valley below High Tor at Matlock Bath
SE0973 : How Stean Gorge by Peter Bond How Stean Gorge, Nidderdale - 'Yorkshire's Little Switzerland'
SC3877 : The Falcon Cliff Lift, Douglas by Dr Neil Clifton Douglas, Isle of Man
SO4494 : Along the Carding Mill Valley near Church Stretton by Rog Frost Church Stretton
SE0531 : Ogden Clough by Nigel Homer Ogden, West Yorkshire


In physical geographyExternal link, a lowland is any broad expanse of land with a general low level. This term can also be described as an area of land that is below sea level. The term is thus applied to the landward portion of the upward slope from oceanic depths to continental highlands, to a region of depression in the interior of a mountainousExternal link region, to a plain of denudation, or to any region in contrast to a highlandExternal link. The LowlandsExternal link and HighlandsExternal link of ScotlandExternal link are typical.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

TF3406 : Only the shadows are growing by Richard Humphrey TL2995 : At sea level or below near Whittlesey by Richard Humphrey TL3899 : Big sky and flat fields - The Fens by Richard Humphrey TL3582 : Warboys High Fen by Richard Humphrey TL3899 : Flooded stubble field on White Moor near March by Richard Humphrey TL4176 : A paddy field in The Fens ? by Richard Humphrey TF2314 : Harvested field on Deeping Fen by Richard Humphrey TF3322 : Millions boiled ... because of Christmas Day by Richard Humphrey TF4226 : Deep furrows in the fens by Richard Humphrey TF3502 : Adventurers' Land near Guyhirn by Richard Humphrey TF5810 : Heavy storm fast approaching near Waltham Farm by Richard Humphrey TF3910 : A green lane near May's Bridge, Highside by Richard Humphrey TL4279 : Flooded - The Ouse Washes at Sutton Gault by Richard Humphrey TL3793 : Low field and high field by Richard Humphrey TF3102 : Stubble field on Lower Knarr Fen south east of Thorney by Richard Humphrey


A lynchet is a bank of earth that builds up on the downslope of a field ploughedExternal link over a long period of time. The disturbed soilExternal link slips down the hillside to create a positive lynchet while the area reduced in level becomes a negative lynchet. They are also referred to as strip lynchets.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

ST9044 : Strip lynchets, Middle Hill, near Warminster by David Hawgood SP0035 : Strip lynchets near Didcot Farm by Trevor Rickard NT9106 : Coquetdale near Barrow from Clennell Street by Andrew Curtis SX6980 : Lynchets near Challacombe by Stephen Craven SD8266 : Sunlight on Langcliffe Quarry by Karl and Ali

Marine terrace

A marine terrace, coastal terrace, raised beach or perched coastline is a relatively flat, horizontal or gently inclined surface of marine origin, mostly an old abrasion platform which has been lifted out of the sphere of wave activity (sometimes called "tread"). Thus it lies above or under the current sea levelExternal link, depending on its time of formation. It is bounded by a steeper ascending slope on the landward side and a steeper descending slope on the seaward side (sometimes called "riser"). Due to its reasonably flat shape it is often used for anthropogenic structures like settlements and infrastructureExternal link.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

NG6953 : Sloping coastal terrace above the Inner Sound of Raasay by C Michael Hogan G0540 : Telephoto view of the coastal terraces by C Michael Hogan


In geologyExternal link, a massif is a section of a planet's crustExternal link that is demarcated by faultsExternal link or flexuresExternal link. In the movement of the crustExternal link, a massif tends to retain its internal structure while being displaced as a whole. The term is also used to refer to a group of mountainsExternal link formed by such a structure.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

SO4394 : Overlooking the Townbrook Valley on the Long Mynd by Jeremy Bolwell NN1379 : Ben Nevis over the Caledonian Canal by John Webber SW8676 : Trevose Head Lifeboat Station by David Hawgood ST4757 : West Twin Brook Mendip Blackdown north slope by Michael Dennis Stagg


Moorland or moor is a type of habitatExternal link, in the temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublandsExternal link biomeExternal link, found in uplandExternal link areas, characterised by low-growing vegetation on acidicExternal link soils and heavy fog. Moorland nowadays generally means uncultivated hillExternal link land (such as DartmoorExternal link in South West EnglandExternal link), but the Old EnglishExternal link mōr also refers to low-lying wetlandsExternal link (such as SedgemoorExternal link, also SW England). It is closely related to heathExternal link although experts disagree on precisely what distinguishes the types of vegetation. Generally, moor refers to highlandExternal link, high rainfall zones, whereas heath refers to lowlandExternal link zones which are more likely to be the result of human activity.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

NT9820 : West side of Dod Hill by Andrew Curtis NT8623 : White & brown on Black Hag by Andrew Curtis NT9918 : Moorland west of Roddam Burn by Andrew Curtis NU0916 : Heather moorland north-west of Titlington Mount by Andrew Curtis


Mudflats or mud flats, also known as tidal flats, are coastal wetlandsExternal link that form when mud is deposited by tides or rivers. They are found in sheltered areas such as baysExternal link, bayousExternal link, lagoonsExternal link, and estuariesExternal link. Mudflats may be viewed geologicallyExternal link as exposed layers of bay mudExternal link, resulting from deposition of estuarineExternal link siltsExternal link, claysExternal link and marine animal detritusExternal link. Most of the sediment within a mudflat is within the intertidal zoneExternal link, and thus the flat is submerged and exposed approximately twice daily.
Wikipedia pageExternal link

TQ8169 : Bartlett Creek by Penny Mayes TQ8877 : Southend from Grain by Penny Mayes TR0665 : Whitstable Bay mudflats by David Anstiss TQ5178 : Mudflats at Erith by Stephen Craven NH5846 : Mudflats off Lentran Point by Craig Wallace SZ3293 : Mudflats to the South-west of Lymington by Mike Smith ST3161 : Weston-Super-Mare : The Mudflats by Lewis Clarke W4743 : Mudflats at Timoleague by Andrew Wood TR3564 : Mudflats at Pegwell Bay by Nick Smith NO3329 : Mudflats, Kingoodie by Richard Webb NS9286 : Mudflats off Higgins' Neuk by Richard Webb ST6599 : Severn mudflats by Graham Horn NH5860 : Mudflats west of the Cromarty Bridge by Alasdair MacDonald TR0665 : Seasalter Mudflats by Gordon Griffiths ST2857 : Brean Mudflats with Steep Holm by Oda Stoevesandt and Karsten Koehler TR0073 : Mudflats below the cliffs by David Anstiss ST3081 : St. Brides Wentlooge: unidentified debris on mudflats by Chris Downer ST2981 : St. Brides Wentlooge: mudflats by Chris Downer TM2323 : Mudflats, creek, marina, tower by Zorba the Geek TA1626 : Mudflat Circle by Andy Beecroft


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