Great War Centenary

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Territorial Force Hospitals


Experience of managing casualties in the Boer War showed a need to plan for the assessment, evacuation and treatment of large numbers of casualties by train and boat. Within a fortnight of the Declaration of War there would be 12000 beds available, 20 ambulance trains and 3 converted hospital ships with more to follow.

The Haldane Reforms of 1907 had identified that further military hospital capacity would be required in the event of a European war. Twenty three Territorial Force units were established on a regional basis each trained to open and operate a 520 bed hospital. Buildings were identified and agreement in place for the hospitals to be fully staffed and operating within weeks of the declaration of war.

Further buildings were later requisitioned including workhouses and university halls.

Southern General Hospital


Birmingham's Military Hospitals

Contingency planning in 1909 by the Territorial Force envisaged the establishment of the Southern General Hospital No 1 as a 570 bed hospital in the Great Hall and other buildings in Birmingham University. This was operational in September 1914. Capacity in the city increased to over 8800 beds with the use of the city's asylums, other hospitals and the Colmore Road (King's Heath) and Raddlebarn (Selly Park) schools. Huts and tents were used to augment capacity.

SP0483 : University of Birmingham by Andrew Clayton SP0483 : South side of the Aston Webb building, University of Birmingham by Phil Champion SP0483 : BBC Antiques Roadshow, Great Hall University of Birmingham by Roy Hughes Birmingham University
SP0679 : New housing development, Monyhull by Michael Westley Monyhull Colony SO8987 : Wordsley Hospital Clock Tower by James Skirving SO8987 : Wordsley  Hospital by Gordon Griffiths Wordsley Infirmary, Stourbridge

Bristol's Military Hospitals

The Southern General Hospital No 2 was intended to provide 520 beds at the Bristol Royal Infirmary but due to civilian demand opened with 260 beds and a further 260 at the new infirmary at Southmead Workhouse. More ward space was created using temporary buildings and tents at Southmead.

ST5873 : Bristol Royal Infirmary by Thomas Nugent Bristol Royal Infirmary ST5877 : Main entrance to Southmead Hospital, Bristol by Jaggery ST5877 : Southmead Hospital, Training Centre by Linda Bailey Southmead

Oxford's Military Hospital

Southern General Hospital No 3 was headquartered in the Examination Schools with a number of buildings on the High Street including University College's Durham and Radcliffe Buildings, the Masonic Buildings and the Town Hall.The Radcliffe Infirmary and Cowley Road Workhouse(now demolished) were used and New College sheltered neurological patients in tents in the grounds.

SP5106 : Examination Schools by John M SP5106 : Oxford University: Examination Schools by Eugene Birchall Examination Schools SP5106 : University College, High Street, Oxford by Robin Sones SP5106 : University College by N Chadwick University College
SP5106 : 49-52 High Street by John M Masonic Buildings SP5106 : Oxford Town Hall & Museum by Paul GillettSP5106 : Oxford Town Hall by N Chadwick Town Hall
SP5106 : Front Quad, New College, Oxford by David Purchase SP5106 : New College gardens by David Purchase New College SP5107 : Radcliffe Infirmary & County Hospital - Woodstock Road by Betty Longbottom Radcliffe Infirmary

Plymouth's Military Hospital

Southern General Hospital No 4 was based in the Salisbury Road Schools and adjacent Baptist Church. The hospital provided over 500 beds with an operating room and X-ray facilities. The first 102 casualties would arrive within a fortnight of the declaration of war.

SX4954 : Salisbury Road School Plymouth by Mick Lobb

Portsmouth's Military Hospitals

Southern General Hospital No 5 was based in the Girl's Secondary in Fawcett Road with further space in the Royal Portsmouth Hospital(demolished)and Milton Infirmary (St Mary's).

SZ6599 : Priory School, Fawcett Rd-Portsmouth by Colin Babb Fawcett Road SU6500 : Front of St Mary's Workhouse by Basher Eyre SU6500 : Rear of old workhouse by Basher Eyre Milton Infirmary


Northern General Hospital


Newcastle's Military Hospitals

The university buildings of Armstrong College formed the base for Northern General Hospital No 1 with additional wards and facilities provided by the Royal Victoria Infirmary on an adjacent site.

NZ2465 : University of Newcastle upon Tyne by Andrew Curtis NZ2465 : Armstrong Building, Newcastle University by Andrew Curtis Armstrong College NZ2464 : Peacock Hall, Royal Victoria Infirmary by Andrew Curtis Royal Victoria Infirmary

Leeds Military Hospitals

The new City of Leeds Training College in Beckett Park opened in June 1913 and a little over a year later was taken over as Northern General Hospital No 2 with 600 beds. Together with the Leeds Workhouse and temporary huts in the grounds, capacity peaked in 1918 at 3200 beds.

SE2636 : Fairfax Building - Beckett's Park - Leeds Metropolitan University by Betty Longbottom SE2636 : James Graham Building & Library - Beckett's Park - Leeds Metropolitan University by Betty Longbottom SE2636 : James Graham Building & Library - Beckett's Park by Steve Partridge SE2636 : Fairfax Building - Becketts Park by Steve Partridge Leeds Training College
SE3134 : Thackray Medical Museum, Beckett St, Leeds by Rich Tea SE3134 : Thackray Museum by Stanley Walker Leeds Union Workhouse

Sheffield's Military Hospitals

Headquartered in the Collegiate Hall, Northern General Hospital No 3 used wards in existing civilian hospitals, the workhouse (renamed as the Northern General Hospital) and schools.

SK3386 : Sheffield Hallam University Collegiate Hall by Graham Hogg SK3386 : Sheffield Hallam University Collegiate Hall by Graham Hogg SK3386 : Collegiate Campus by Patrick Mackie Collegiate Hall
SK3488 : Sheffield Royal Infirmary (former) by N Chadwick Royal Infirmary SK3487 : Bartolomé House at the former Winter Street Hospital. Winter Street, Sheffield by Terry Robinson SK3487 : School of Law at the former Winter Street Hospital, Winter Street, Sheffield by Terry Robinson Winter Street Hospital
SK3690 : Physio & O.T. Outpatients Department, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield by Terry Robinson SK3690 : Northern General Hospital - Vickers Corridor Entrance near to the Original Main Entrance - 1 by Terry Robinson SK3690 : Clock Tower Entrance, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield by Terry Robinson SK3690 : Northern General Hospital - Original Main Entrance Building from below by Terry Robinson Northern General Hospital (former workhouse)
SK3387 : The former Western Road Secondary Modern School, Crookes by Dave Hitchborne SK3387 : The former Western Road Secondary Modern School, Crookes by Dave Hitchborne Western Road School SK3287 : Lydgate Lane School, Crosspool, Sheffield by Nigel Thompson Lydgate Lane School
SK3286 : Endcliffe Hall by Keith Edwards (Yorkshire and Humberside Reserve Forces Properties) Endcliffe Hall, Territorial Regiment Barracks

Lincoln's Military Hospitals

Northern General Hospital No 4 was based at the Wragby Road Grammar School with hutted accommodation constructed in the grounds.

SK9872 : Christ's Hospital School by Richard Croft SK9872 : Headmaster's House by Richard Croft Wragby Road

Leicester's Military Hospitals

Northern General Hospital No 5 was established in the Leicester and Rutland Lunatic Asylum with a further site at the North Evington Poor Law Infirmary.

SK5902 : University of Leicester by Ashley Dace SK5902 : University of Leicester by Ashley Dace SK5902 : University of Leicester by Ashley Dace Leicester and Rutland Lunatic Asylum
SK6204 : Leicester General Hospital, Evington, Leicester by David Hallam-Jones SK6203 : Leicester General Hospital, Evington, Leicester by David Hallam-Jones North Evington Poor Law Infirmary

KML

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