Beltring Hop Farm, a coal fired set up with a central brick arch with a fire either side. The man looking after the kiln was called the 'oastie'. He would stay in the oast house 24 hours a day to maintain the hops.
The Drying floor directly above the plenum chamber. Hops were spread out about 3-4ft deep on a wooden slatted floor, a horse hair sheet was laid on top of this to stop the hops falling down to the fire and setting alight. The steep pitched roof channelled the hot air through the hops to the top. A cowl on the top of the roof allowed the hot air ('reek') to be drawn up through the kiln in a vacuum effect. The cowl pivoted to control the air extraction and stop rain getting in. The hops took around 8-10 hours (but up to 16 hours) to dry at 120-130ºF (around 50°C).
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