London 2012 Olympics and Paralympics
The Olympic Stadium was the centrepiece of the Olympic and Paralympic games. Track and field competitions, and opening and closing ceremonies were held here.
The cauldron was lit for the duration of each of the games. Originally lit as part of the opening ceremony, when 204 steel petal stems were attached one by one to the form the cauldron and representing the coming together of each of the countries participating in Olympic games. The same cauldron was lit again for the Paralympic games.
The London Aquatics Centre is an indoor facility with two 50-metre (160-foot) swimming pools and a 25-metre (82-foot) diving pool. It was one of the main venues of the 2012 Summer Olympics and the 2012 Summer Paralympics. The centre was used for the swimming, diving and synchronised swimming events. After significant modification (removement of the side-wings) the centre is due to open to the public in 2014.
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In the paralympics swimming races there are classes for physically and visually disabled competitors. There are a number of different classifications, depending on the degree of disability; the system gives close competition even between people with quite different disabilities which affect their performance to the same degree. Competitors are helped in various ways, some being helped onto the starting block, others being helped into and out of the water. Blind swimmers have helpers who tap them just before they turn or finish.
Previously known as the Handball Arena, it was renamed because, aside from handball, it hosted modern pentathlon (fencing) during the Olympics and was the goalball venue for the 2012 Summer Paralympics. The venue will be adapted to become a multi-sport arena for community use, athlete training and small-to-medium scale events. It will be the only permanent indoor arena retained in the Olympic Park, as the Basketball Arena will be relocated.
Used during the Olympic games. The menís track is 450m long and the womenís is 440m long. The track will retained after games but made easier and less dangerous, after numerous accidents during the games.
One of the permanent structures to be built for the Games, the Velodrome was built in close relationship with a design panel and cyclists to make it one of the fastest cycling tracks in the world, which was proven after a number of records were smashed during both Games.
After the Games the building was handed over to the Lee Valley Regional Park Authority to turn into a VeloPark, which will include the BMX track and a newly created mountain bike course.
Eton Manor arena
In the northern end of the Olympic Park, accessed via a bridge over the A12 road, Eton Manor Arena was host to wheelchair tennis during the Paralympic Games. It also housed temporary training pools for aquatic events for both the Olympics and Paralympics.
The arena was the largest temporary venue ever built for a Games, and will be reused for future sporting events. The arena was used for Basketball, Handball, Wheelchair Basketball and Wheelchair Rugby.
Water Polo Arena
This temporary arena was the first dedicated water polo arena to be built for an Olympic Games.
This arena was a temporary structure where the Hockey events were held. It had two astroturf pitches, with capacities of 15,000 and 5,000, respectively, and was also the venues for the football 7-a-side and football 5-a-side competitions during the 2012 Summer Paralympics.
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The ArcelorMittal Orbit is a 115-metre-high (377 ft) observation tower in the Olympic Park in Stratford, London. The steel sculpture is Britain's largest piece of public art, and is intended to be a permanent, lasting legacy of London's hosting of the 2012 Summer Olympics, assisting in the post-Olympics regeneration of the Stratford area. Sited between the Olympic Stadium and the Aquatics Centre, it allows visitors to view the whole Olympic Park from two observation platforms.
for more details on the tower/sculpture
Orbit was designed by Anish Kapoor and Cecil Balmond
Olympic Park Energy Centre is one of the largest combined cooling, heating and power generating facilities built in the UK. It is located at the west-end of the Olympic Park and the utilities are partly housed in the historic Kings Yard Industrial Buildings.
The facility was built for sustainable energy generation during the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games. The project was developed by the Olympic Delivery Authority (ODA) and was opened in October 2010.
The store sold official merchandise for the Olympics and Paralympics games.
Two temporary McDonalds restaurants were opened in the park, one of which was the largest McDonalds in the world at the time.
Kiosks and eating areas
Used by sponsors of the Olympics and Paralympics.
Coca‑Cola Beat Box
Coca‑Cola commissioned an Olympic Park Pavilion designed to celebrate the best of British youth. The designers, Pernilla & Asif, are critically acclaimed up-and-coming architects who were selected through a process designed to help discover the next big architectural talent in the UK and give them an opportunity to showcase their talents at the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games.
The River Lea (or Lee) in England originates in Marsh Farm, Leagrave, Luton in the Chiltern Hills and flows generally southeast, east, and then south to London, through the Olympic Park, where it meets the River Thames on the last section being known as Bow Creek.
Waterworks River is a tidal river, one of the Bow Back Rivers that flow into the Bow Creek,as part of the River Lea, which in turn flows into the River Thames.
The Gloriana is a 28.6-metre-long (94 ft) British royal barge. She was privately commissioned as a tribute to Queen Elizabeth II for her Diamond Jubilee, and was the lead vessel in the Thames Diamond Jubilee Pageant. Gloriana carried the Olympic Flame on the River Thames on July 27, 2012, as art of a flotilla of rowboats. The barge was moored on the Lea Navigation at the Olympic Park
In the centre of the Olympic Park, straddling both sides of the River Lea, Park Live offered two large screens showing live events. Visitors with tickets to the park but without tickets to the venues could sit on the large expanses of park land and enjoy the atmosphere.
Bandstand on the River Lawns
The landscaped gardens of the Olympic Park have been as integral a part of the arena as the stadium. The ambitious project to transform polluted wasteland into flourishing flower beds, meadows and woodland is designed to last beyond the London 2012 competition.
After the games it will be converted into the new district of East Village. The architects added temporary partitioning to create "hotel" style apartments catering for: 3,300 apartments: each will have a TV, internet access, and a private courtyard,
17,320 beds: providing each athlete with 16 square metres (170 sq ft) floor space
In addition, two temporary buildings:
Food hall: a 17,000 square metres (180,000 sq ft) food hall, which is open 24 hours a day, capable of catering for 5,500 athletes at a time
Entertainment hall: 10,000 square metres (110,000 sq ft) entertainment area, providing games and communcal rest space, plus a non-alcoholic bar
The village also includes a plaza, where athletes can meet with friends and family.
ExCeL London (Exhibition Centre London) (often referred to as the ExCeL Exhibition Centre) is an exhibitions and international convention centre. For the 2012 Summer Olympics, ExCeL London was divided into five sports halls with capacities ranging from 6,000 to 10,000 that were used for boxing, fencing, judo, taekwondo, table tennis, weightlifting, and wrestling.
North Greenwich Arena
The O2 Arena was renamed North Greenwich Arena for the Games.
It was used as a venue for the Basketball (final), Gymnastics (artistic, trampolining) and Wheelchair basketball (during the Paralympics).
Horse Guards Parade
Horse Guards Parade, usually the venue for the Trooping of the Colour, was temporarily transformed into the venue for the beach volleyball tournament during the Games.
Hyde Park was the venue for the triathlon and 10k marathon swim events, with the swimming taking place in the Serpentine.
As a public park, it gave an opportunity for non-ticket holders to see a bit of live Olympic action.
Lee Valley White Water Centre
This was used to host the canoe slalom events of the 2012 Summer Olympics.
Lords Cricket Ground
Used as the host to the archery competition, which took place in front of the Pavilion, with the archers positioned in front of the Allen Stand and the targets placed in front of the Grand Stand.
The Mall was the start and finish line for the marathon course, the road race, and the race walks of the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games.
The Olympic and Paralympic marathon course, different to that of the annual London Marathon, saw a 3 lap route between the Mall, along the Thames river bank and to the City towards Tower Hill at the furthest point.
The Olympic race walks took place on a 2km course along The Mall, around the Queen Victoria Memorial and Constitution Hill.
The Olympic cycling road race, saw the route from the Mall and out of London to Box Hill
The Paralympic cycling
The women's marathon took place on 5 August and the men's Olympic marathon on 12 August. The men's 20km walk took place on 4 August, with the men's 50km walk and women's 20km walk took place on 11 August. The Paralympic marathons were held on 9 September.
Earls Court Exhibition Centre
Earls Court hosted events at the 1948 Summer Olympics, and the volleyball events of the 2012 Summer Olympics from 28 July to 12 August.
This was the host venue for the equestrian events and for the riding and running parts of the modern pentathlon events. For the 2012 Summer Paralympics, it was also the venue for the equestrian events.
The Royal Artillery Barracks
Was used as a venue (outside the Olympic Park) for Shooting. It was then used for Archery and Shooting during the Paralympics.
Hampton Court Palace
The palace was the venue for the Road Cycling Time Trial of the 2012 Summer Olympics and temporary structures for the event were installed in the grounds.
Wembley Arena hosted the badminton and gymnastics competitions.
Wimbledon hosted the Olympic tennis tournament.
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