Pillboxes and other military installations in East Anglia

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Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   Text © Copyright July 2013, Adrian S Pye; licensed for re-use under a Creative Commons Licence.
Images also under a similar Creative Commons Licence.


STRONG POINTS AND PILLBOXES


In May 1940, the Directorate of Fortifications and Works (FW3) was set up at the War Office. Its purpose was to provide a number of basic pillbox designs which could be constructed by soldiers and local labour at appropriate defensive locations.
In the following June and July FW3 issued 6 basic designs for rifle and light and heavy machine gun pillboxes, designated Type 22 to Type 27.
In addition, there were designs for gun emplacements suitable for either the Ordnance Quick Fire (QF) 2 pounder or the Hotchkiss 6 pounder gun (designated Type FW3/28) and a design for a hardened medium machine gun emplacement.
By the end of September 1940, 18,000 pillboxes and innumerable other preparations had been completed.
As well as pillboxes there were Observation posts and these are easily confused with pillboxes, their appearance being almost identical.
Even within the specified designs there were some variations.

World War One Pillboxes

There were basically only two types of pillbox built during WWI. The round one, from which the name pill box was derived and a hexagonal design with steel embrasure shutters and double steel doors for the entrance. The top of some of these pillboxes have holes in which it is thought that short lengths of scaffold pole were inserted to break up the outline before a camouflage net was draped over the top.
TG2733 : WW1 pillbox in Bradfield by Evelyn Simak TM4986 : WWI hexagonal pillbox by Adrian S Pye TM4986 : WWI hexagonal pillbox by Adrian S Pye TM3442 : World War One pillbox by Adrian S Pye TM3442 : Steel doors attached to a World War One pillbox by Adrian S Pye TM5286 : WW1 Pillbox in a cornfield at Kessingland by Adrian S Pye TG2931 : WWI pillbox by Evelyn Simak TG2931 : WW1 pillbox beside the road by Adrian S Pye TG2733 : WW1 pillbox concealed by undergrowth by Adrian S Pye TG2733 : Inside a WW1 pillbox by Adrian S Pye TM5076 : WW1 pillbox at Reydon by Adrian S Pye TM4987 : WW1 Pillbox at Rushmere by Adrian S Pye TG5008 : A rare WW1 pillbox beside the A47 at Runham Vauxhall by Adrian S Pye TM3643 : Dilapidated WWI pillbox, Shingle Street by Evelyn Simak TG5009 : WW1 hexagonal pillbox by Adrian S Pye

World War Two Pillboxes

The six basic designs mentioned in the introduction were not always strictly adhered to. Different regions had their own variations, most of which are illustrated below.
TG2223 : Pillbox near King's Beck, Oxnead by Adrian S Pye TM4576 : Pillbox at the junction of the A12 and A1095 by Adrian S Pye TM4576 : Pillbox at the junction of the A12 and A1095 by Adrian S Pye TM4576 : Pillbox at the junction of the A12 and A1095 by Adrian S Pye TM4986 : WWII pillbox at Rushmere, Suffolk by Adrian S Pye TM2771 : Pillbox beside the B1116 by Adrian S Pye TM3388 : Pillbox  in Flixton Road, Bungay by Adrian S Pye TM5384 : Pillbox at Benacre by Adrian S Pye TM5384 : View from the pillbox by Adrian S Pye TM5284 : Pillbox near Beach Farm, Benacre by Adrian S Pye TM5383 : Suffolk Square style pillbox at Benacre by Adrian S Pye TM5383 : Inside a Suffolk Square style pillbox by Adrian S Pye TM5384 : Suffolk Square style pillbox at Benacre by Adrian S Pye TM5284 : Large pillbox and lookout point at Benacre by Adrian S Pye TM5284 : Large hexagonal pillbox at Benacre by Adrian S Pye TM5284 : SE embrasure of a pillbox at Benacre by Adrian S Pye TM5284 : NE embrasure of a pillbox at Benacre by Adrian S Pye TM5184 : Pillbox opposite Benacre church by Adrian S Pye TM5184 : Pillbox NE of Benacre church by Adrian S Pye TM5082 : Pillbox in Wrentham by Adrian S Pye TM5082 : Pillbox in Wrentham (inside) by Adrian S Pye TM5180 : WWII pillbox on the old WWI airstrip at Covehithe by Adrian S Pye TM5180 : Pillbox at Benacre from the NW by Adrian S Pye TM5280 : Pillbox near The Warren at Easton Bavents by Adrian S Pye TM5387 : Pillbox on the cliffs at Kessingland by Adrian S Pye TM5386 : Pillbox in the garden of clifftop houses by Adrian S Pye TM5398 : Brick and concrete machine gun post on the cliff at Corton by Adrian S Pye TM5398 : Brick and concrete machine gun post on the cliff at Corton by Adrian S Pye TM5495 : WWII 40mm Bofors anti-aircraft gun emplacement by Adrian S Pye TM5496 : Pillbox set into the cliff at Gunton, north of Lowestoft by Adrian S Pye TM5496 : Pillbox in the cliff at Corton by Adrian S Pye TM5495 : Pillbox with collapsed roof at Corton by Adrian S Pye TM5495 : Pillbox on Corton cliffs by Adrian S Pye TM5495 : Pillbox on the cliff at Corton by Adrian S Pye TM5495 : Pillbox on Gunton cliffs by Adrian S Pye TM1487 : Pillbox not far from Tibbenham Airfield by Adrian S Pye TM3697 : WWII Pillbox at Loddon just off the A146 by Adrian S Pye TM3697 : Pillbox just off the A146 at Loddon by Adrian S Pye TM4687 : Pillbox east of Ellough airfield by Adrian S Pye TM4687 : Pillbox east of Ellough airfield by Adrian S Pye TM4390 : Pillbox on Beccles Common by Adrian S Pye TM3845 : Pillbox behind the sea wall at Boyton by Adrian S Pye TM3845 : Pillbox  at Boyton by Adrian S Pye TM3744 : FW3/22 type pillbox set into the sea wall at Hollesley Bay by Adrian S Pye TM2579 : WWII pillbox in Mill Lane, Weybread by Adrian S Pye TM2875 : FW3/22 type pillbox beside the road by Adrian S Pye TM5286 : A rare First World War hexagonal pillbox at Kessingland by Adrian S Pye TM3181 : Pillbox beside Mill Lane by Adrian S Pye TM3181 : Pillbox next to Mill Lane by Adrian S Pye TG4623 : Type FW3/24 pillbox on the dunes at Horsey Gap by Adrian S Pye TM4071 : It looks like a pillbox! by Adrian S Pye TM4574 : Two WWII pillboxes at Blythburgh by Adrian S Pye TM5076 : Pillbox near Mights Bridge, Southwold by Adrian S Pye TM1279 : Pillbox at Diss Railway Station approach by Adrian S Pye TM4599 : Pillbox beside the railway line near St Olaves Bridge by Adrian S Pye TF5500 : Pillbox at Nordelph by Adrian S Pye TF5701 : Pillbox near Creek Farm, one mile east of Nordelph by Adrian S Pye TM3178 : Pillbox on the road junction near Metfield by Adrian S Pye TM4071 : Pillbox or not a pillbox? by Adrian S Pye TM3079 : Pillbox in Metfield north-west of the old airfield by Adrian S Pye TM2579 : Pillbox in Mill Lane, Weybread by Adrian S Pye TM0652 : Pillbox on Barking Tye common by Adrian S Pye TG3127 : WW2 pillbox, clad in brick by Adrian S Pye TG3631 : Pillbox beside North Walsham Road by Evelyn Simak TG3830 : Guarding the High Light by Evelyn Simak TG3334 : Overgrown WWII pillbox by Evelyn Simak TG3930 : WWII pillbox by Evelyn Simak TG5100 : WW2 pillbox at Hopton by Adrian S Pye TM5285 : Suffolk Square pillbox at Kessingland by Adrian S Pye TM3996 : WW2 pillbox in field by Evelyn Simak TG5201 : Pillbox in Long Belt by Adrian S Pye TM3389 : Pillbox at Bungay & Waveney Valley Golf Club by Adrian S Pye TM5495 : Pillbox on Gunton Cliffs by Adrian S Pye TM5495 : Pillbox on Gunton Denes by Adrian S Pye TM5495 : Pillbox on Gunton Cliffs by Adrian S Pye TM5495 : Pillbox on Gunton Cliffs by Adrian S Pye TM5495 : Pillbox on Gunton Cliff by Adrian S Pye TM5495 : Pillbox on Gunton Denes by Adrian S Pye TM5595 : Six pounder anti-tank gun post on Gunton Denes by Adrian S Pye TM4367 : Pillbox near Reckford Bridge, Middleton by Adrian S Pye TG1407 : WW2 F22 type pillbox by Adrian S Pye TF7210 : Pillbox in Burnthouse Drove, Marham by Adrian S Pye

KML

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