Pillboxes and other military installations in East Anglia
In May 1940, the Directorate of Fortifications and Works (FW3) was set up at the War Office. Its purpose was to provide a number of basic pillbox designs which could be constructed by soldiers and local labour at appropriate defensive locations.
In the following June and July FW3 issued 6 basic designs for rifle and light and heavy machine gun pillboxes, designated Type 22 to Type 27.
In addition, there were designs for gun emplacements suitable for either the Ordnance Quick Fire (QF) 2 pounder or the Hotchkiss 6 pounder gun (designated Type FW3/28) and a design for a hardened medium machine gun emplacement.
By the end of September 1940, 18,000 pillboxes and innumerable other preparations had been completed.
As well as pillboxes there were Observation posts and these are easily confused with pillboxes, their appearance being almost identical.
Even within the specified designs there were some variations.
( Page 1 2 3 next >> )