- Post Mill
- Smock Mill
- Tower Mill
- Wind engine
- Preservation & Conversion
- West Sussex
- East Lothian
- West Lothian
- As seen on TV
- Further reading
The remains of this mill show the central post that the whole structure would pivot on.
Cranbrook windmill is the tallest smock mill, with eight storeys.
A substantial larger structure, typically built of brick. A timber built roof cap (sometimes called an 'onion cap') with attached sails allows it to pivot independently from the main tower to face the wind, this is controlled by a fan tail sail.
The tallest tower mill is at Moulton.
Windmill coverage map for England, Scotland & Wales © Copyright 2008 nearby.org.uk/Barry Hunter
Typically mills have four sails though larger numbers were used particularly in Lincolnshire. Five sails was seen as more efficient but unlike mills with even numbers of sails could not operate if a pair of sails was removed for repair.
As windmills are not used commercially any longer, further uses need to be found, if they are not to be preserved as a museum. Typically this means conversion to a dwelling. Often converted windmills use just the remaining base of the mill, in the case of smock mills, as the timber structure was often removed, leaving a sound brick base.
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