NS4383 : Caldarvan Station

near to Blairquhomrie, West Dunbartonshire, Great Britain

Caldarvan Station
Caldarvan Station
The place-name appears as Kaildaruan in the Atlas of Scotland that was published by Joan Blaeu in 1654, and which was based on surveying work carried out by Timothy Pont in the 1580s-90s. It is Killdervan on Roy's Military Survey of Scotland (1740s-50s).

Caldarvan Station, whose site is now occupied by the houses shown here, was a stop on the old Balloch to Stirling railway line (properly, the "Forth and Clyde Junction Railway"), which was used by passengers from 1856. The line as a whole closed to passengers in the 1930s (although parts of it remained in use by passengers for a little longer); the section of the line shown here was closed to freight in 1959.

For other contributors' earlier views of the same area, see NS4383 : Site of Caldarvan station, 1997 and NS4383 : Caldarvan Station.

According to Stewart Noble, in "The Vanished Railways of Old Western Dunbartonshire" (2010), the station was originally called Kilmaronock (the name of the parish), but "in 1879(*) it was renamed Caldarvan at the request of Mr R.D.Mackenzie of NS4384 : Caldarvan House" (see that link for more on R.D.Mackenzie).

[(*) 1877, according to the chronology link in the end-note, below. The book also gives 1964 as the date of closure of all sections to freight, while the link gives 1965. I don't know which set of dates is correct.]

[This was not the only place-name that Mr Mackenzie wished to change. He also insisted that a body of water previously known as Lochend be renamed Caldarvan Loch, and that the latter name be shown on the OS map. Although the OS did submit to his wishes, local residents felt no compulsion to do so, and they continue to call it Lochend, as they had long been accustomed to do; see NS4283 : The Cranloch Burn for further details.]

As for the parish name, Kilmaronock, "containing a pet-form of the Gaelic saint's name Ronan" [Simon Taylor in "Changing Identities, Ancient Roots" (2006)], it appears in the Lennox Cartulary as "Kilmerannock" and "Kilmaronok" in charters by Donald, Earl of Lennox (c.1333 to c.1364). It appears as "Kylmonerok" on the Abraham Ortelius map (c.1573) of Scotland.
Forth and Clyde Junction Railway :: NS5694
This line, now completely dismantled, covered a distance of 31 miles from Balloch, through Drymen Station (in Croftamie), to Stirling.

In 1853, Royal Assent was given to an Act of Parliament "for making a Railway commencing by a Junction with the Scottish Central Railway at Stirling, and terminating by a Junction with the Caledonian and Dumbartonshire Railway at Alexandria, to be called the 'Forth and Clyde Junction Railway'".

The railway opened in 1856. Passenger services ended for most of the line in 1934, although sections remained open for goods traffic until 1965. See LinkExternal link (at RAILSCOT) for further details, and LinkExternal link (at the same site) for a detailed chronology.
Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright Lairich Rig and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
year taken
2009
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
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1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
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NS4383, 20 images   (more nearby)
Photographer
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Image classification?
Geograph (Third Visitor for NS4383)
Date Taken
Wednesday, 5 August, 2009   (more nearby)
Submitted
Wednesday, 19 August, 2009
Geographical Context
Village, Rural settlement 
Former (from Tags)
Railway Station 
Category
Houses > Houses   (more nearby)
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NS 4389 8329 [10m precision]
WGS84: 56:1.0216N 4:30.3576W
Photographer Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NS 4381 8345
View Direction
South-southeast (about 157 degrees)
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