NT2775 : Earthworks, Leith Links

taken 8 years ago, near to Leith, Edinburgh, Great Britain

Earthworks, Leith Links
Earthworks, Leith Links
This mound is believed to be a remarkable survival of the Siege of Leith in 1560. Elizabeth I's Protestant troops in support of Scotland's religious reformers joined in besieging the port of Leith, garrisoned at the time by more than 3,000 French troops loyal to the Catholic Queen Regent, Mary of Guise (who died during the siege). This is believed to be one of two gun emplacements thrown up by the besiegers to fire into the fortified town until it surrendered. The siege resulted in the Treaty of Leith which ended the civil war and agreed to the departure of both the French and English forces. The Scottish Reformation Parliament, meeting shortly thereafter, abolished the Church of Rome in Scotland and drew up a Confession of Faith for the new Reformed Church. Thus, the mound marks the historic turning-point when Scotland discarded its 'Auld Alliance' with Catholic France in favour of a new relationship with Protestant England. Thus ended five centuries of enmity and warfare with Scotland's southern neighbour, paving the way for an eventual United Kingdom. LinkExternal link

"That the Quenis Majestye having sufficientlie understanded alsweall by information sent from the nobilitie of Scotland as by the manifest proceadingis of the Frenche that thei intend to conquer the realme of Scotland, suppresse the liberties thairof and unyte the same unto the Crown of France perpetualie, contrarie to the laws of the said realme and to the pacts, othes, and promessis of France... Hir Majestie shall with all speyd send into Scotland a convenient ayd of men of warre on horse and foot to joyne with the power of the Scotishmen with artailye [artillery] munition and all uthers instrumentis of warre mete for the purpose, alsweall by sea as by land, not onelie to expel the present power of Frenche within that realme oppressing the same but also to stop as far as convenientlie may be all grytare forces of Frenche to enter thairin for the like purpose, and shall continew hir Majesties ayde to the said realme, nobilitie and subjectis of the same, until the French being ennemis to the said realme be utterlie expelled thence..." -- from the Treaty of Berwick, 1560

NT2775 : Earthworks, Leith Links
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NT2775, 94 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
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Date Taken
Tuesday, 13 October, 2009   (more nearby)
Submitted
Thursday, 15 October, 2009
Category
Earthworks   (more nearby)
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NT 273 758 [100m precision]
WGS84: 55:58.2185N 3:9.9423W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NT 273 758
View Direction
NORTH (about 0 degrees)
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Image classification(about): Geograph
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