NT2573 : New College, the Mound

taken 8 years ago, near to Edinburgh, Great Britain

New College, the Mound
New College, the Mound
The Church of Scotland's theological college and the venue for its annual General Assembly. The Scottish Church differed from all other reformed churches in Europe in not being led by a Protestant prince, but by a General Assembly of its clergy. By 1581, presbyterian church government had been established under the leadership of Andrew Melville, so that the Assembly, with its parity of ministers and participation of lay-elders, can lay claim to being the first democratic institution of modern times. Beginning with James VI, a long struggle followed against the Stuart monarchs who sought to impose various forms of episcopacy with varying degrees of success. With the accession of William II in 1689 the issue was finally resolved in favour of presbyterianism. To this day, before being crowned, the Monarch must promise to uphold the present form of the Church of Scotland before swearing also to uphold the Church of England.

"No Bishop, no King, no nobility." -- James VI

"...prelacy and the superiority of any office in the church above presbyters, is and has been a great and unsupportable grievance to this Nation, and contrary to the inclinations of the generality of the people ever since the Reformation..." -- Convention of Estates, 1689 (...which is why the sight of the Moderator of the General Assembly kneeling before the Sovereign at the Coronation ceremony in 1953 caused dark mutterings within the Kirk!)

"Will you to the utmost of your power maintain in the United Kingdom the Protestant Reformed Religion established by law? Will you maintain and preserve inviolably the settlement of the Church of England, and the doctrine, worship, discipline, and government thereof, as by law established in England?"
-- text of the Coronation Oath, 1953

See also NT2673 : Royal Pew carving, Canongate Kirk
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NT2573, 5248 images   (more nearby )
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Date Taken
Friday, 2 July, 2010   (more nearby)
Sunday, 4 July, 2010
University buildings   (more nearby)
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NT 255 735 [100m precision]
WGS84: 55:56.9673N 3:11.6726W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NT 254 736
View Direction
East-southeast (about 112 degrees)
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