SK5848 : Tophouse Farm

taken 7 years ago, 3 km from Arnold, Nottinghamshire, Great Britain

Tophouse Farm
Tophouse Farm
Range of outbuildings with the tower of Bestwood Pumping Station in the background.
Bestwood Pumping Station :: SK5748
Bestwood Pumping Station is one of just 8 non-religious buildings in Nottinghamshire accorded Grade II* listed status. Although out of use since the 1960s, and with the beam engines long since gone, it has in recent years been converted to a health spa and restaurant, which have enabled the building to remain in good condition, and to be enhanced by the attractive grounds. The full text of the English heritage listing is as follows:
"Water pumping station, disused. 1871-74. By Thomas Hawksley, engineer to Nottingham Waterworks Company. Polychromatic brick and sandstone with ashlar dressings and hipped slate roof. Rectangular plan with rear lateral boiler house, coal store and central integral chimney. Venetian Gothic Revival style. 2 storeys and basement; 8 bays x 5 bays. Battered plinth, linked hood moulds, moulded cornice and gutter, ornate iron roof railings and finials; pilasters to recessed flat-headed panels with corbel heads. Coped east gable has open porch with balustraded steps and round-arched opening to similar doorway with overlight, with flanking lancets; above round-arched window with 2-light windows each side. Sides have 4-light pointed windows each with oculus above, and 3 louvred dormer windows with 1 at each end. Square sectioned chimney encased by boiler house has moulded impost bands and cornice, of 2 stages each with 3 staggered stair lights separated by battered section and pyramidal cap on top. Boiler house has to west 3 pointed arch recesses with double doors, flanked by single-light windows, and 4 bosses above, and at each end a round guard stone. Noth and south sides have 3-bay open arcades with round piers and foliate capitals, and 2 round bosses above. East ends have single 2- and 1-light window and boss above. INTERIOR stuccoed with stencil frieze, cast-iron entablature with 4 cast-iron tapered columns with water holding bases and traceried capitals, carrying pivoting engine beam with Gothic ornament, and heavy timber Queen post roof with double stone corbels and lifting eyes. Boiler house has 4 round iron columns and an iron trussed roof. Historical note: Formerly contained a pair of Joseph Witham & Sons rotative beam engines, their last, scrapped in 1968. Forms a good group with the decorative cooling pond in front, lamps and entrance lodge and staff cottages . One of three enriched pumping stations built for Nottingham Waterworks Co, and then the Corporation after it took the company over, including Papplewick, and Basford, demolished. Hawksley was the most pre-eminent waterworks engineer of his day, and this is his most accomplished piece of architecture, successfully assimilating the engine house, coal store, boiler house and chimney with polychromatic effects, in a picturesque landscape."
In addition, all the surviving ancillary buildings, gateway and perimeter wall, cooling pond and some surviving cast iron lamps are individually Listed Grade II, partly because of their contribution to the overall image of the site.
Listed Buildings and Structures
Listed buildings and structures are officially designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance. There are over half a million listed structures in the United Kingdom, covered by around 375,000 listings.
Listed status is more commonly associated with buildings or groups of buildings, however it can cover many other structures, including bridges, headstones, steps, ponds, monuments, walls, phone boxes, wrecks, parks, and heritage sites, and in more recent times a road crossing (Abbey Road) and graffiti art (Banksy 'Spy-booth') have been included.

In England and Wales there are three main listing designations;
Grade I (2.5%) - exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important.
Grade II* (5.5%) - particularly important buildings of more than special interest.
Grade II (92%) - nationally important and of special interest.

There are also locally listed structures (at the discretion of local authorities) using A, B and C designations.

In Scotland three classifications are also used but the criteria are different. There are around 47,500 Listed buildings.
Category A (8%)- generally equivalent to Grade I and II* in England and Wales
Category B (51%)- this appears generally to cover the ground of Grade II, recognising national importance.
Category C (41%)- buildings of local importance, probably with some overlap with English Grade II.

In Northern Ireland the criteria are similar to Scotland, but the classifications are:
Grade A (2.3%)
Grade B+ (4.7%)
Grade B (93%)

…read more at wikipedia LinkExternal link
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Grid Square
SK5848, 13 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
  (find more nearby)
Date Taken
Tuesday, 6 July, 2010   (more nearby)
Submitted
Thursday, 8 July, 2010
Category
Farm buildings   (more nearby)
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 5804 4809 [10m precision]
WGS84: 53:1.6176N 1:8.1650W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 5806 4806
View Direction
Northwest (about 315 degrees)
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