NT8260 : Ploughed field near Marygold

near to Marygold, Scottish Borders, Great Britain

Ploughed field near Marygold
Ploughed field near Marygold
The earliest form of cultivation consisted simply of scratching the soil with a branch or antler to enable a seed to be buried. Early ploughs did no more than this. Later models were designed to bury the remains of the previous crop and surface debris.

The Romans designed a plough with stout iron teeth mounted on a wooden sole which turned the soil. Celts and Romans, using light ploughs, adopted the practice of cross-ploughing, so that their fields tended to be almost square. The Saxons, using a heavy, eight-oxen plough, made their fields long to reduce the number of turns. The old English furlong, one-eighth of a mile, is derived from ‘furrow long’.

The earliest mould-board plough, similar to that used today, dates from Saxon times. But the really modern mould-board dates from the 18th century with the introduction of iron. Double-furrow ploughs, pulled by two horses, were common until tractors were introduced. Today, powerful tractors pull banks of ploughs which cut many furrows at the same time.
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year taken
2011
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
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1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
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NT8260, 8 images   (more nearby)
Photographer
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Image classification?
Geograph (Fourth Visitor for NT8260)
Date Taken
Friday, 8 April, 2011   (more nearby)
Submitted
Saturday, 17 September, 2011
Geographical Context
Uplands  Farm, Fishery, Market Gardening 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NT 8284 6056 [10m precision]
WGS84: 55:50.2773N 2:16.5336W
Photographer Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NT 8288 6046
View Direction
North-northwest (about 337 degrees)
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Ploughed Fields  Barn  Woodland 

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