NT2573 : Grassmarket and Edinburgh Castle

near to Edinburgh, Great Britain

Grassmarket and Edinburgh Castle
Grassmarket and Edinburgh Castle
The western end of Grassmarket, with the castle above.
Edinburgh Castle
The castle stands on Castle Rock. It is the remains of an extinct volcano, which is estimated to have risen some 350 million years ago. The summit of the Castle Rock is 390 ft above sea level, with rocky cliffs to the south, west and north. This means that the only readily accessible route to the castle is from the east, where the ridge slopes more gently, giving the castle its all but impregnable location. It is believed that the first inhabitants of Edinburgh settled on Castle Rock, possibly as far back as the 9th century BC.

There has been a royal castle here since at least the reign of David I in the 12th century, and the site continued to be a royal residence until the Union of the Crowns in 1603 although few of the present buildings pre-date the Lang Siege of the 16th century, when the medieval fortifications were largely destroyed by artillery bombardment. From the later 17th century, the castle became a military base, with a large garrison. Its importance as a historic monument was recognised from the 19th century, and various restoration programmes have been carried out since. Although the garrison left in the 1920s, there is still a, largely ceremonial and administrative, military presence at the castle including a number of regimental museums. It is also famous as the setting of the annual Edinburgh Military Tattoo.

The castle is now in the care of Historic Scotland, and is Scotland's second-most-visited tourist attraction. (LinkExternal link

LinkExternal link Edinburgh Castle Official web site
LinkExternal link comprehensive Wikipedia article
Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright David Dixon and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
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Date Taken
Wednesday, 26 October, 2011   (more nearby)
Tuesday, 1 November, 2011
Geographical Context
Roads, Road transport  City, Town centre  Defence, Military 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NT 2528 7334 [10m precision]
WGS84: 55:56.8359N 3:11.8799W
Photographer Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NT 2532 7330
View Direction
Northwest (about 315 degrees)
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