NS5865 : Platform reconstruction at Glasgow Central
near to Glasgow, Great Britain
Glasgow Central railway station
Glasgow Central is the biggest and busiest railway station in Scotland and is the second busiest station in the UK outside of London (after Birmingham New Street) based on 2010-2011 data. 98,000 people use the station each day, which is close to 34 million people per year.
The station was opened by the Caledonian Railway Company on 1st August 1879. The architect was Sir Robert Rowand Anderson Link of Edinburgh who also designed Central Station Hotel which is an integral part of the station.
The roof of the original station was added in 1882 and was designed by Edinburgh Engineers Blyth and Cunningham. It is a longitudinal ridge and furrow design measuring 213ft wide by 560ft long, which made it one of the largest single span covered spaces in the world at that time.
The station was extended in 1905 by architect James Miller Link and Donald Mathieson Link who was Engineer-in-Chief and General Manager of the Caledonian Railway Co. The extension roof (a two transverse ridge and furrow design) was also by Blyth and Cunningham. Miller also extended Central Station Hotel at the same time.
The original station extends from Platform 1 to Platform 9 (Platform 9 was added in 1882), with Miller's 1905 extension stretching from Platform 10 to Platform 15. A dual line of pillars between Platforms 9 and 10 marks the boundary between the two main phases of the station.
Platforms 1 to 15 are terminal platforms and are located "upstairs". Glasgow Central Low Level station has two through platforms (16 and 17) which run under ground, at right angles to the other platforms. The low level station closed on 5 October 1964 but reopened on 5 November 1979.
The station has the largest glazed roof in the world; consisting of 48,000 panes of glass, it covers an area of approx 6.8 acres. Here is a Link to a stunning 360 degree panoramic photo of the roof.
Sir Robert Rowand Anderson took inspiration from Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Bristol Temple Meads station in Bristol (which Brunel described as "a cathedral to the iron horse") by incorporating cathedral-like windows in the design of the station. Miller and Mathieson did likewise when they designed the 1905 extension NS5865 : Central Station "cathedral window".
Although this station is on the north bank of the River Clyde, the terminal station serves only stations south of the Clyde. This consists mostly of local commuter lines, including Gourock, Wemyss Bay, Largs, Ardrosan, Ayr, Kilmarnock, Stranraer, Neilston, Paisley Canal Street, East Kilbride, the Cathcart Circle, Newton and Edinburgh.
Services to England include Carlisle, London Euston (including the Caledonian Sleeper), London Kings Cross, Manchester Airport, Birmingham and Plymouth.
Glasgow Central Low Level services serve mostly the north side of the Clyde, including Helensburgh, Balloch, Dalmuir, Milngavie, Lanark, Larkhall, Motherwell and Coatbridge Central.
The following short videos by Paul Lyons on youtube provide a fascinating insight to the history of the station.
Link to video 1, about the construction of the station.
Link to video 2, about some of the famous people with connections to the station.
Link to video 3, about the labyrinth of tunnels under the station.
Link to video 4, some anecdotes about Central Station Hotel.
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- Grid Square
- NS5865, 1257 images (more nearby)
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- Image classification?
- Supplemental image
- Date Taken
- Sunday, 4 December, 2011 (more nearby)
- Monday, 5 December, 2011
- Geographical Context
- Subject Location
OSGB36: NS 587 650 [100m precision]
WGS84: 55:51.4897N 4:15.4665W
- Photographer Location
- OSGB36: NS 587 650
- View Direction
- East-southeast (about 112 degrees)
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