ST9929 : Gravestones, St George's Churchyard

taken 7 years ago, near to Sutton Mandeville, Wiltshire, Great Britain

Gravestones, St George's Churchyard
Gravestones, St George's Churchyard
These gravestone are covered with moss and lichen.

Moss is a small green plant, rarely more than a few inches high, which grows anywhere not overshadowed by taller vegetation or perpetually dry. There are more than 600 species in the British Isles, growing on rocks and walls, in woodlands and on tree trunks and branches. They are important pioneers of rock surfaces, holding moisture in their leaves and building up humus in which the seeds of flowering plants can germinate.

There are two alternating generations in the life cycle of moss. The plant itself carries male and female organs. After fertilisation, these produce a capsule. Stalk and capsule together form an asexual, spore-bearing generation. The spores produced are capable of germinating into a new plant. Mosses also reproduce vegetatively, by small pieces breaking off and growing into a new plant.

As they are rootless and tend to get their nutrients from water running over or through them they are nearly always short.

Lichens do not have roots, but absorb water and gases through their upper surface, and are therefore sensitive to atmospheric pollution. For this reason they are rarely found around cities and grow best on the wetter west side of the British Isles. Those on trees thrive best on the sunny, south-west aspects of trunks and branches. Disappearance of lichen species can be used to detect rising levels of air pollution.

There are three main types. The encrusting forms, including the bright orange/dark yellow 'Xanthoria' grow on roofs, walls, gravestones, signs and tree trunks. Leaf-like species develop flat lobes spreading over bark or stones, and shrubby forms which grow vertically from the ground or hang from trees. Few have common names.
Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright Maigheach-gheal and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
+
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
TIP: Click the map for Large scale mapping
Change to interactive Map >
Grid Square
ST9929, 88 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
  (find more nearby)
Date Taken
Wednesday, 11 January, 2012   (more nearby)
Submitted
Wednesday, 11 January, 2012
Geographical Context
Village, Rural settlement  Religious sites 
Place (from Tags)
Fovant 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! ST 9963 2955 [10m precision]
WGS84: 51:3.9170N 2:0.3994W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! ST 9963 2955
View Direction
North-northeast (about 22 degrees)
Looking for a postcode? Try this pageExternal link
Clickable map
+

Other Tags
Gravestones  Mosses and Lichens 

Click a tag, to view other nearby images.

Image classification(about): Geograph
This page has been viewed about 83 times.
View this location: KML (Google Earth) · Google MapsExternal link · Bing MapsExternal link · OS Map Checksheet · Geograph Map · geotagged! More Links for this image
NW N NE
W Go E
SW S SE
[Mark
You are not logged in login | register