SK3588 : Bessemer Converter, Kelham Island Museum

taken 6 years ago, near to Sheffield, Great Britain

Bessemer Converter, Kelham Island Museum
Bessemer Converter, Kelham Island Museum
The Bessemer Converter at Kelham Island Museum (LinkExternal link ) is one of only three converters left in the world. Built in the early twentieth century, it was the last working converter in Britain and was in use until 1974. It was brought to the Museum in 1978 as an example of the revolutionary Bessemer steelmaking process, patented by Henry Bessemer in 1856. His invention marked the beginning of mass steel production, as huge amounts could be made in a relatively short time compared previous methods of steel production.

The huge body was tilted downwards to be filled with molten pig iron. After being swung upright again, a blast of air was blown through from the bottom of the converter. This oxidation removed carbon from the iron, converting it to steel.

As well as the body of the converter, this photograph shows the gear wheel used to tilt it (top left) and the air pipe used to blow air into the base of the converter.

There is a Wikipedia article about the Bessemer Converter at LinkExternal link
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SK3588, 344 images   (more nearby )
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Date Taken
Thursday, 5 April, 2012   (more nearby)
Tuesday, 10 April, 2012
Geographical Context
Educational sites  City, Town centre  Industry 
Place (from Tags)
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 3516 8818 [10m precision]
WGS84: 53:23.3577N 1:28.3678W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 3516 8819
View Direction
East-southeast (about 112 degrees)
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Other Tags
Kelham Island  Bessemer Converter  Industrial Heritage  Museum  Steelmaking  Iron  Manufacturing 

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