NS2982 : Remains of Malig Mill

near to Helensburgh, Argyll And Bute, Great Britain

Remains of Malig Mill
Remains of Malig Mill
These are the ruins of a corn mill, located on the western side of NS2982 : The Milligs Burn (see also NS2982 : The Milligs Burn) where it flows through NS2982 : Hermitage Park. The mill is close to the NS2982 : Victoria Halls, Helensburgh, and it only became derelict early in the twentieth century.

There was a mill here in the eighteenth century, if not earlier: NS2982 : Malig Mill: detail. See NS2683 : Rhu Parish Churchyard for a memorial of someone who worked there.

Helensburgh Heritage Trust have made detailed information about the mill available as a PDF download from their site: LinkExternal link ("Malig Mill: a Brief History" by Jim Chestnut). The same site has an article on the mill by Donald Fullarton: LinkExternal link

Blaeu's 1654 map of the Lennox shows a mill here: "Mulligs m." (the map is quite consistent in its use of abbreviations: "B." for burn, "K." for Kirk, "M." for mill, etc.). There was therefore a mill in the area at that time, but it was not necessarily at the spot shown in the present photograph. Blaeu's map was largely based on Timothy Pont's surveying work carried out in the 1580s-90s, so it is likely that there was a mill in the area at this earlier period.

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Rather than repeat information provided at the links given above, I will list some earlier appearances of the old name (Millig/Mulig, etc.) of this area; it can be traced back at least as far as the early thirteenth century (the following discussion is intended primarily for those with a keen interest in place-names).

The old name is commemorated by Helensburgh's present-day Millig Street. James Colquhoun founded the town in 1777, naming it after his wife Helen. See NS2982 : The Milligs Burn for references explaining how James came to acquire the land on which he founded his new town [see also pages 112, 116 and 118 of "The Annals of Garelochside" (1897) by W.C.Maughan].

A retour (dated 1680) by Charles II names "Milligis" along with other nearby places whose names are still recognisable: "Camseskaines" (Camis Eskan NS3281), "Cowgraine" (Colgrain NS3280), and so on.

Charter no. 1901 in the second volume of the Register of the Great Seal (RMS) of Scotland dates from the 16th of October, 1489, and is by King James IV. It mentions the "terras de Mulig, Bannachar", "the lands of Mulig and Bannachar" (the latter place is nearby Bannachra NS3484).

[Also, to give just a few examples, "Myllegis" in RMS Vol 4, charter #156 (AD 1547), and the similar "Millegis", in both charter #1623 (AD 1565) in the same volume and charter #3140 (AD 1545) in volume 3.]

A charter (dated 1351) by Donald, Earl of Lennox, makes mention of the
lands "de Fosselane, et de Glenfrone, et de Muleig". The first two places listed here are present-day Faslane (c.NS2489) and Glen Fruin (c.NS2987).

Finally, a charter of confirmation (from 1225) by Alexander King of Scots (Alexander II, who reigned from 1214-1249) was made "apud Cadihow, ultimo de Maii, anno regni nostri duodecimo": "at Cadzow, on the last day of May, in the 12th year of our reign". Cadzow (earlier written "Cadȝow") was near present-day Hamilton c.NS7353. The charter mentions the lands "de Neved, Glanfrone, Moigliag", and so on (the index uses the spelling "Moiliag", which is closer to the later forms of the name). "Glanfrone" is Glen Fruin. The place-name "Neved" is evidently related to the present-day name Rosneath ("headland of Neath" c.NS2583); however, Neved/Neath denoted a considerably larger area [see Simon Taylor's comments on page 18 of "Changing Identities, Ancient Roots" (2007)].

References for the charters:

(1) Retour from 1680 by Charles II:
Lennox Cartulary ["Cartularium Comitatus de Levenax", Maitland Club Edition (1833)]
Addenda, "10. Retornatus terrarum et comitatus de Levenax, 1680" (pages 100-102).

(2) Charter from 1489 by James IV:
"Register of the Great Seal of Scotland" (RMS), Volume 2, page 399, no. 1901.

(3) Charter from 1351 by Donald, Earl of Lennox:
Lennox Cartulary Addenda, "4. Carta quarundem terrarum et officiorum predicto Waltero, 1351", pages 93-94.

(4) Charter from 1225 by Alexander II King of Scots:
Lennox Cartulary Addenda, "2. Confirmatio de Neved et aliis terris Hamelen filio comitis Alwini, 1225", pages 91-92.
Malig Mill
The remains of a corn mill in what is now Hermitage Park in Helensburgh. The mill considerably pre-dates the town of Helensburgh itself. The Blaeu map of the Lennox (1654) shows "Mulligs M[ill] here. That map was based on earlier surveys (c.1600), so a mill may have been present here several decades earlier. Most of the building was demolished in the 1920s. The surviving portions incorporate date stones from the 18th and 19th centuries.
Hermitage Park, Helensburgh
This area was formerly the estate of Hermitage House; the house itself was demolished in 1963. The estate's walled garden still exists, and contains the town's war memorial ( LinkExternal link ). The ruins of Malig Mill (the mill pre-dates the town of Helensburgh itself) are also located within the park, on the course of the Milligs Burn: LinkExternal link
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Thursday, 3 May, 2012   (more nearby)
Monday, 14 May, 2012
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Derelict, Disused 
Ruin (from Tags)
Corn Mill 
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Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NS 2985 8267 [10m precision]
WGS84: 56:0.4010N 4:43.8316W
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OSGB36: geotagged! NS 2983 8265
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North-northeast (about 22 degrees)
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Archaeology  Toponymy  The Milligs Burn 

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