NS8146 : Craignethan Castle information board

taken 5 years ago, near to Crossford, South Lanarkshire, Great Britain

Craignethan Castle information board
Craignethan Castle information board
At the car park for the castle.
Craignethan Castle
Described as the last of the great medieval Scottish Castles, its building by Sir James Hamilton of Finnart began about 1530. He was executed for treason in 1540, and the 2nd Earl of Arran succeeded him. The Hamiltons supported Mary Queen of Scots, and the castle was frequently under siege until 1579, when it fell to forces loyal to James VI; the Hamiltons were exiled and the castle abandoned. It was built on a rocky outcrop and protected on three sides by cliffs rising from the deep gorge of the River Nethan, a tributary of the River Clyde. It was, however, vulnerable to attack from higher land on the fourth side. So the original tower house and courtyard were protected by a massive ditch and rampart. An outer courtyard and west wall were added later, with a caponier in the ditch - a gun-emplacement that allowed attackers attempting to scale the main west rampart to be picked off. Because of defects they had a short life, and there are few in Britain – the one at Craignethan is the best preserved. The southwest tower was incorporated into what is Andrew Hay’s House in 1665. It is now managed by Historic Scotland and well worth a visit, with plenty to explore. LinkExternal link
LinkExternal link
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NS8146, 80 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
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Date Taken
Saturday, 28 July, 2012   (more nearby)
Submitted
Sunday, 29 July, 2012
Geographical Context
Lowlands  Historic sites and artefacts  Educational sites 
River (from Tags)
Nethan 
Place (from Tags)
South Lanarkshire 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NS 8149 4633 [10m precision]
WGS84: 55:41.7543N 3:53.2221W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NS 8149 4633
View Direction
EAST (about 90 degrees)
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Other Tags
Tillietudlem  Castle  Historic Scotland  Craignethan Castle  Information Panels 

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