NS8146 : Caponier at Craignethan

near to Crossford, South Lanarkshire, Great Britain

Caponier at Craignethan
Caponier at Craignethan
A defensive structure at the castle NS8146 : The Caponier at Craignethan.
Craignethan Castle
Described as the last of the great medieval Scottish Castles, its building by Sir James Hamilton of Finnart began about 1530. He was executed for treason in 1540, and the 2nd Earl of Arran succeeded him. The Hamiltons supported Mary Queen of Scots, and the castle was frequently under siege until 1579, when it fell to forces loyal to James VI; the Hamiltons were exiled and the castle abandoned. It was built on a rocky outcrop and protected on three sides by cliffs rising from the deep gorge of the River Nethan, a tributary of the River Clyde. It was, however, vulnerable to attack from higher land on the fourth side. So the original tower house and courtyard were protected by a massive ditch and rampart. An outer courtyard and west wall were added later, with a caponier in the ditch - a gun-emplacement that allowed attackers attempting to scale the main west rampart to be picked off. Because of defects they had a short life, and there are few in Britain – the one at Craignethan is the best preserved. The southwest tower was incorporated into what is Andrew Hay’s House in 1665. It is now managed by Historic Scotland and well worth a visit, with plenty to explore. LinkExternal link
LinkExternal link
Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright M J Richardson and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
year taken
2012
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
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1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
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NS8146, 42 images   (more nearby)
Photographer
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Image classification?
Geograph
Date Taken
Saturday, 28 July, 2012   (more nearby)
Submitted
Sunday, 29 July, 2012
Geographical Context
Lowlands  Historic sites and artefacts  Defence, Military 
Place (from Tags)
South Lanarkshire 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NS 8157 4633 [10m precision]
WGS84: 55:41.7554N 3:53.1457W
Photographer Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NS 8157 4635
View Direction
SOUTH (about 180 degrees)
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Other Tags
Castle  Craignethan Castle  Historic Scotland 

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