SD7008 : Croal Mill - 5

taken 6 years ago, near to Bolton, Great Britain

Croal Mill - 5
Croal Mill - 5
The eastern end of the mill, with tower, seen from Thornbank. The foreground area was formerly built up with tightly packed terraced housing.
Croal Mill
Built in 1908 for the Croal Spinning Company to the design of Bradshaw and Gass, who designed a number of mills in the area and who are still in business. LinkExternal link
The mill closed as a spinning mill in 1967 but is now in use as a mail order warehouse as part of the Littlewoods group. It is a fine example of a mill form this period with interesting decorative relief, and many of the ancillary buildings still survive.
It is Listed Grade II, and the following is a quote from the listing details: "A striking detailed early C20 mill, by a notable specialist architectural practice, which survives almost intact, and which shows how the manufacturing processes were separated on different storeys of the building."
An unusual feature of the mill is the use of a grey terracotta as relief to the brickwork which gives the impression of stone, which is how it was described in the listing at the time of my visit. However, careful inspection on my visit showed that the material is definitely ceramic and not stone, and the listing details have since been modified to reflect this. The light coloured bricks would almost certainly have been manufactured from the same material as the more ornamental features such as window surrounds and the volutes on the tower.
Listed Buildings and Structures
Listed buildings and structures are officially designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance. There are over half a million listed structures in the United Kingdom, covered by around 375,000 listings.
Listed status is more commonly associated with buildings or groups of buildings, however it can cover many other structures, including bridges, headstones, steps, ponds, monuments, walls, phone boxes, wrecks, parks, and heritage sites, and in more recent times a road crossing (Abbey Road) and graffiti art (Banksy 'Spy-booth') have been included.

In England and Wales there are three main listing designations;
Grade I (2.5%) - exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important.
Grade II* (5.5%) - particularly important buildings of more than special interest.
Grade II (92%) - nationally important and of special interest.

There are also locally listed structures (at the discretion of local authorities) using A, B and C designations.

In Scotland three classifications are also used but the criteria are different. There are around 47,500 Listed buildings.
Category A (8%)- generally equivalent to Grade I and II* in England and Wales
Category B (51%)- this appears generally to cover the ground of Grade II, recognising national importance.
Category C (41%)- buildings of local importance, probably with some overlap with English Grade II.

In Northern Ireland the criteria are similar to Scotland, but the classifications are:
Grade A (2.3%)
Grade B+ (4.7%)
Grade B (93%)

…read more at wikipedia LinkExternal link
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SD7008, 64 images   (more nearby )
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Date Taken
Wednesday, 25 July, 2012   (more nearby)
Monday, 13 August, 2012
Geographical Context
Housing, Dwellings  Suburb, Urban fringe  Industry 
Housing (from Tags)
Modern Terrace 
Building Material (from Tags)
Brick and Terracotta 
Former (from Tags)
Textile Mill 
Name (from Tags)
Croal Mill 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SD 7014 0856 [10m precision]
WGS84: 53:34.3671N 2:27.1433W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SD 70197 08582
View Direction
West-southwest (about 247 degrees)
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Other Tags
Urban Green Space  Pedestrian Walkway  Grade II Listed  Tower 

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