SJ8497 : Sackville Gardens

taken 5 years ago, near to Manchester, Great Britain

Sackville Gardens
Sackville Gardens
This small park, next to the Shena Simon Campus of City College, was originally called Whitworth Gardens. It it bound on the north by the Rochdale Canal and Canal Street, on the west by Sackville Street and to the south by Whitworth Street. Manchester Corporation purchased the site in 1900 and created a small city park with a pattern of pathways, lawns and flower beds. LinkExternal link

Seated on a bench in the centre is a statue of Alan Turing SJ8497 : Turing statue, Sackville Gardens, Manchester.
Alan Turing
Alan Mathison Turing was born in 1912. In 1935 he developed the concept of the Turing machine, considered to be the basis of the modern theory of computation. It was published in 1936, whilst he studied for a PhD.

During the Second World War Turing worked at Bletchley Park, the Government Code and Cypher School Headquarters, and his invention of the “Bombe” is credited with helping the Allied Forces win the war. Bombe was able to decode the previously “unbreakable” codes produced by the German Enigma machine, thus shortening the war and saving countless thousands of lives. In 1945 Turing was awarded the OBE by King George VI for his wartime services, but his work remained secret for many years.

After the war, Turing worked at the National Physical Laboratory, where he designed the ACE, among the first designs for a stored-program computer and in 1948 he joined Max Newman's Computing Machine Laboratory at the University of Manchester, where he helped develop the first digital computer “Baby”. He became part of the team responsible for most of the important breakthroughs in the development of the computer. He also worked on the subject of Artificial Intelligence.

In 1952 Turing disclosed his homosexuality to a detective investigating a burglary at his home. Homosexuality was at that time a criminal offence and he was arrested, and subsequently the man whose work had been crucial to the war effort was prosecuted in for homosexual acts and failed his security clearance at GCHQ, the post-war successor to Bletchley Park. He accepted treatment with DES (chemical castration) as an alternative to prison.

Turing died in 1954, 16 days before his 42nd birthday, from cyanide poisoning. Although the apple was never tested, an inquest determined his death as suicide, but it has been noted that the known evidence is equally consistent with accidental poisoning. In 2009, following an Internet campaign, then-Prime Minister Gordon Brown made a full and unequivocal official public apology on behalf of the British government for "the appalling way he was treated." Queen Elizabeth II granted him a posthumous pardon in 2013 LinkExternal link (Daily Telegraph report).

LinkExternal link The Alan Turing Home Page maintained by Andrew Hodges, author of “Alan Turing: the Enigma”
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SJ8497, 1521 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
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Date Taken
Wednesday, 3 October, 2012   (more nearby)
Submitted
Tuesday, 9 October, 2012
Geographical Context
Park and Public Gardens 
Date (from Tags)
1900 
Person (from Tags)
Alan Turing 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SJ 8443 9780 [10m precision]
WGS84: 53:28.6016N 2:14.1635W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SJ 8441 9781
View Direction
Southeast (about 135 degrees)
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Other Tags
Gardens  Benches  Public Art 

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