SK0296 : Bottoms Reservoir and Dam

near to Tintwistle, Derbyshire, Great Britain

Bottoms Reservoir and Dam
Bottoms Reservoir and Dam
Bottoms Reservoir is one of the Longdendale Reservoirs (LinkExternal link Longdendale Chain, Wikipedia) which extend for 6 miles eastwards; it is the closest to Hadfield and Tintwistle. When this immense 29-year civil engineering project was completed in 1877 the chain of reservoirs formed the largest body of man-made water in the world, and was Europe’s first major conservation scheme.

Manchester Corporation commissioned Bottoms and the other reservoirs in the mid-19th century to provide drinking water for its rapidly increasing population. Four Acts of Parliament were needed for the entire scheme. The reservoir, named after Bottoms Mill which stood here before the valley was flooded, was the last of the reservoirs to be constructed; it was completed in 1877.

Bottoms Reservoir and Valehouse Reservoir are ‘compensation reservoirs’ to maintain the downstream flow of the River Etherow. When the Longdendale Valley was dammed in the mid-19th century, owners of cotton mills downstream strongly opposed the plans to flood the valley as it would have starved them of water critical to their businesses and so demanded that Manchester Corporation “compensate” them for their loss.

Summarised from an information board at the site.
Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright David Dixon and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
year taken
2012
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SK0296, 67 images   (more nearby)
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Geograph
Date Taken
Monday, 5 November, 2012   (more nearby)
Submitted
Wednesday, 7 November, 2012
Geographical Context
Lakes, Wetland, Bog  Water resources 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 023 969 [100m precision]
WGS84: 53:28.1785N 1:57.9459W
Photographer Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 024 968
View Direction
Northwest (about 315 degrees)
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Pennine  Valley  Nineteenth Century  19th Century  Victorian  Dam  Reservoir  Church Tower 

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