SK0297 : Waterworks, Bottoms Reservoir

near to Tintwistle, Derbyshire, Great Britain

Waterworks, Bottoms Reservoir
Waterworks, Bottoms Reservoir
Looking down on the waterworks, illuminated by the low evening sunshine.

Bottoms Reservoir is one of the Longdendale Reservoirs (LinkExternal link Longdendale Chain, Wikipedia) which extend for 6 miles eastwards; it is the closest to Hadfield and Tintwistle. When this immense 29-year civil engineering project was completed in 1877 the chain of reservoirs formed the largest body of man-made water in the world, and was Europe’s first major conservation scheme.

Manchester Corporation commissioned Bottoms and the other reservoirs in the mid-19th century to provide drinking water for its rapidly increasing population. Four Acts of Parliament were needed for the entire scheme. The reservoir, named after Bottoms Mill which stood here before the valley was flooded, was the last of the reservoirs to be constructed; it was completed in 1877.

Bottoms Reservoir is a ‘compensation reservoir’ to maintain the downstream flow of the River Etherow which emerges ahead. The valve house, waste weirs, discharge tunnel, gauging basin were all constructed so that the Victorian mill owners downstream, who strongly opposed the plans to flood the valley, received all the water that was due to them. The depth gauge meant that they had a constant water supply.

Summarised from an information board at the site.
Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright David Dixon and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
year taken
2012
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SK0297, 65 images   (more nearby)
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Geograph
Date Taken
Monday, 5 November, 2012   (more nearby)
Submitted
Wednesday, 7 November, 2012
Geographical Context
Village, Rural settlement  Water resources 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 0225 9711 [10m precision]
WGS84: 53:28.2433N 1:58.0543W
Photographer Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 0225 9718
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SOUTH (about 180 degrees)
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Other Tags
Nineteenth Century  19th Century  Victorian  Reservoir  Waterworks  Water Works  Valley  Pennine 

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