SP9307 : Cholesbury Camp (11) - Enclosure from NE

taken 4 years ago, near to Cholesbury, Buckinghamshire, Great Britain

Cholesbury Camp (11) - Enclosure from NE
Cholesbury Camp (11) - Enclosure from NE
Part of the flat area of land enclosed by the multivallate earthworks of Cholesbury Camp. This area inside the defences was originally home to Iron Age round houses and archaeological excavations have revealed evidence of iron smelting as well as numerous pottery sherds dating occupation of the site to as far back as the middle Iron Age (c.300-100BC).
After the Roman invasion (AD43) it seems the site was abandoned, and the land in the middle (seen here) was cultivated, but fortunately much of the earthworks surrounding it survived.
Previous image SP9307 : Cholesbury Camp (10) - Northernmost section
Next image SP9307 : Cholesbury Camp (12) - Paddock at southern point
Cholesbury Camp - Iron Age Fort :: SP9207
Cholesbury Camp is the remains of a multivallate hillfort constructed in the Iron Age some time between the C6th BC and mid C1st AD (The Romans arriving in AD43 brought the Iron Age to an end in England). Archaeological excavations of the central enclosure have found evidence dating back to at least the middle of this period, the Middle Iron Age (c.300-100BC) making the remains over 2000 years old.
A "hillfort" is a fortified enclosure located on a hill (rather than a stone fort) - and "multivallate" means that its defences include two or more lines of concentric earthworks in the form of banks and ditches.
The site at Cholesbury is an approximate oval with the long axis (c.310m) running southwest / northeast, and the perpendicular shorter axis being about 230m. It encloses an area of about 14 acres (5.7ha) with a perimeter of 935m. It is considered one of the most visually impressive prehistoric settlements in the Chilterns.
The ditches remain in good (but variable) condition for about three quarters of the circuit from the southwest where they join the pathway to St Laurence's Church clockwise for 270 around the enclosure, within which now sits the church. The final quarter of the oval is made up of a footpath across a field, a short track beside the Village Hall and then public roads back to the church. It is possible that this southern quarter was never fully constructed, though some remnant earthworks have been found in the gardens of the modern houses which are now in this section (see EH listing linked below for more information).
The inner of the two ditches is far better preserved than the outer one, being both deeper and narrower. For most of the circuit only the inner ditch remains (or was ever constructed) between two high banks studded with trees, mostly beech. From the northernmost point clockwise the pathway deteriorates somewhat and holly encroaches upon the path. Finally the ditches come to an abrupt end at the fenced perimeter of a modern garden (of a house called The Bury). The footpath then has to be found to enter the enclosure via a stile, then cross a small paddock to another stile. The church of St Laurence comes into view (but with no access to its grounds from here) and keeping left of it a gate leads into a track that runs down to Cholesbury Lane (the main road through the village) beside the Village Hall. Following this lane to the right then taking Parrott's Lane off to the right brings the walker back to the start by the church drive.
The whole area is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and there is a detailed EH listing for it here LinkExternal link
Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright Rob Farrow and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
TIP: Click the map for Large scale mapping
Change to interactive Map >
Grid Square
SP9307, 49 images   (more nearby )
  (find more nearby)
Date Taken
Sunday, 29 September, 2013   (more nearby)
Tuesday, 1 October, 2013
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Farm, Fishery, Market Gardening 
Period (from Tags)
Iron Age 
Place (from Tags)
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SP 9308 0724 [10m precision]
WGS84: 51:45.3675N 0:39.1725W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SP 9311 0731
View Direction
South-southwest (about 202 degrees)
Looking for a postcode? Try this pageExternal link
Clickable map

Other Tags

Click a tag, to view other nearby images.

Image classification(about): Geograph
This page has been viewed about 51 times.
View this location: KML (Google Earth) · Google MapsExternal link · Bing MapsExternal link · OS Map Checksheet · Geograph Map · geotagged! More Links for this image
W Go E
You are not logged in login | register