SP9208 : Pholiota squarrosa (Shaggy Scalycap) - young

taken 4 years ago, near to Buckland Common, Buckinghamshire, Great Britain

Pholiota squarrosa (Shaggy Scalycap) - young
Pholiota squarrosa (Shaggy Scalycap) - young
A clump or tuft of young fruiting bodies of Pholiota squarrosa. As with all members of the large Pholiota genus, it is found on rotting logs and other decaying vegetable matter where it breaks down the cellulose to feed itself. Fungi which contribute to the rotting process are known as "saprotrophic". It was the development of saprotrophes such as this that led to the end of the Carboniferous Period c. 300 million years ago, as until then dead trees had not rotted as the cellulose was indigestible to any organisms; hence the build up of deep layers of compacted dead trees which turned into coal due to pressure and heat over millions of years.
Pholiota squarrosa is considered simply "inedible" rather than poisonous.
Note: Fungi such as this used to be called "saprophytic", but this term refers specifically to *plants* and as fungi are not plants (they have their own kingdom) then the correct term is "saprotrophic". I am indebted to fellow contributor M J Richardson for this information.
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SP9208, 43 images   (more nearby )
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Date Taken
Saturday, 5 October, 2013   (more nearby)
Tuesday, 8 October, 2013
Geographical Context
Wild Animals, Plants and Mushrooms  Woodland, Forest 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SP 9213 0811 [10m precision]
WGS84: 51:45.8461N 0:39.9843W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SP 9214 0811
View Direction
South-southwest (about 202 degrees)
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Other Tags
Fungus  Pholiota 

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