TA0225 : Cliff Mill, Hessle

taken 4 months ago, near to Hessle, East Riding of Yorkshire, Great Britain

Cliff Mill, Hessle
Cliff Mill, Hessle
This six-storey tower windmill stands in Cliff Road. It was built in 1806 from brick that has been coated with tar which makes it look black; a common feature of windmills in this area. It originally had five sails.

Whiting has been produced in England since the medieval period, when its major use was for colouring internal walls and whitening doorsteps, window ledges and hearths. By the 14th century it was being mixed with size to produce a more durable whitewash or distemper. This windmill was part of a whiting works that was developed between 1810 and 1815. It was used to crush the chalk and also to provide power for the rest of the whiting works. From the mill, crushed chalk slurry was pumped through a series of settling tanks. It was then laid out in drying rooms. It was used in paints, ink and putty.

The windmill operated until 1925 when the sails and head gear were removed. It continued to be used to crush chalk, initially powered by gas and then, in the 1930s, by an electric motor. It is thought work at the site stopped in the 1950s. All the works buildings, apart from the windmill, were demolished in the 1980s.

The mill is protected as a scheduled ancient monument LinkExternal link and is a Grade II listed building (List entry Number: 1161742 LinkExternal link Historic England). It is the only survivor of four wind-powered whiting mills in the former East Riding of Yorkshire.
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TA0225, 501 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
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Date Taken
Tuesday, 4 July, 2017   (more nearby)
Submitted
Wednesday, 12 July, 2017
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Industry 
Camera (from Tags)
Panasonic DMC-G7 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! TA 022 253 [100m precision]
WGS84: 53:42.8956N 0:27.1650W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! TA 022 253
View Direction
Northwest (about 315 degrees)
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Image Type (about): geograph 
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