SK3447 : Terraced houses off Bridge Street, nos.86-94

taken 14 days ago, near to Belper, Derbyshire, Great Britain

Terraced houses off Bridge Street, nos.86-94
Terraced houses off Bridge Street, nos.86-94
One of a number of terraces set at right angles to Bridge Street, forming houses for workers at the Strutt mills. C.1800, Listed Grade II.
Strutt housing in Belper
From the late 18th century onwards the Strutts developed housing in the area to the east of their textile mill on the River Derwent.

A variety of types of house were provided.

The earliest, and the smallest, are the terraces of Short Row, Mill Street (formerly Hedge Row) and Field Row, dating from around 1790. There are of brick construction

The next stage appears to have been the long terrace on the north side of Long Row (later broken by the railway) dating from the late 1790s. These are larger houses, rising to 3 storeys, built of local stone with slate roofs. A feature of these houses is that the house plans interlock, resulting in alternating wider and narrowing frontages. Of similar date and style is Crown Terrace, off Bridge Street, although here the houses do not interlock.

The terraced houses on the south side are slightly later, and built of brick. They have a much more traditional layout.

The final development from the early period, c.1803, consists of the so-called 'Cluster' houses, situated between what are now named William, George, and Joseph Streets, after the three sons of Jedediah Strutt who started the mills. These are blocks of four houses stone-built in a quartered layout, each with a substantial plot of ground and a pigsty and apparently intended for mill foremen and managers. Eight clusters were intended, but only five were built. Most of them have been extended in the 20th century as the original accommodation is quite limited by modern standards.

The Cluster house was developed by Bage of Shrewsbury and was widely copied in other countries. The Belper examples are thought to be the earliest remaining examples.

All these groups are Listed Grade II.

Although there has been some later infill development, the area remains remarkably original. The streets remain unadopted, so do not present a modern 'sanitised' appearance. In particular, Long Row retains its original stone paving of large sandstone setts.
Listed Buildings and Structures
Listed buildings and structures are officially designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance. There are over half a million listed structures in the United Kingdom, covered by around 375,000 listings.
Listed status is more commonly associated with buildings or groups of buildings, however it can cover many other structures, including bridges, headstones, steps, ponds, monuments, walls, phone boxes, wrecks, parks, and heritage sites, and in more recent times a road crossing (Abbey Road) and graffiti art (Banksy 'Spy-booth') have been included.

In England and Wales there are three main listing designations;
Grade I (2.5%) - exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important.
Grade II* (5.5%) - particularly important buildings of more than special interest.
Grade II (92%) - nationally important and of special interest.

There are also locally listed structures (at the discretion of local authorities) using A, B and C designations.

In Scotland three classifications are also used but the criteria are different. There are around 47,500 Listed buildings.
Category A (8%)- generally equivalent to Grade I and II* in England and Wales
Category B (51%)- this appears generally to cover the ground of Grade II, recognising national importance.
Category C (41%)- buildings of local importance, probably with some overlap with English Grade II.

In Northern Ireland the criteria are similar to Scotland, but the classifications are:
Grade A (2.3%)
Grade B+ (4.7%)
Grade B (93%)

…read more at wikipedia LinkExternal link
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SK3447, 275 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
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Image Type ?
type:geograph 
Date Taken
Sunday, 9 July, 2017   (more nearby)
Submitted
Friday, 14 July, 2017
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Housing, Dwellings  City, Town centre 
Housing (from Tags)
Terrace 
Period (from Tags)
C.1800 
Building Material (from Tags)
Stone and Slate 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 3463 4778 [10m precision]
WGS84: 53:1.5717N 1:29.1081W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 3461 4777
View Direction
East-northeast (about 67 degrees)
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Other Tags
Grade II Listed 

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