SK8329 : Croxton Kerrial 12thC Medieval Manor House: excavations (11)

taken 3 months ago, near to Croxton Kerrial, Leicestershire, Great Britain

Croxton Kerrial 12thC Medieval Manor House: excavations (11)
Croxton Kerrial 12thC Medieval Manor House: excavations (11)
Two hearths in the great hall
The oldest of the hearths positioned in the centre of the great hall shows clearly the red change in colour of the stone caused by prolonged heat. This is the traditional place for a hearth in early medieval buildings. The smoke would have risen to the highest point in the roof and then filtered out through the thatch.
The second hearth against the south-east wall of the manor house is later. The walls of the manor house would have been of timber frame construction with a wattle-and-daub infill and it is most likely that this hearth would have had a chimney to take the smoke away also using a similar construction method. Building a hearth of this type would have freed up a lot of usable space as well as clearing the smoky atmosphere from the great hall a very up-to-date and modern improvement for a high status mid 12th century family!
Croxton Kerrial Medieval Manor House
Although there are written records of a manorial dwelling in Croxton Kerrial from the 7th century, the last known historical records are from the mid 16th century, when there were reports of the house being uninhabitable. Any indication on maps of manor buildings had disappeared by the end of the 18th century. The exact position of the Manor in the village was unknown until Tony Connolly, the chairman of the Framland Local Archaeology Group (FLAG), began researching the history of the village.

Many local people had heard about the existence of a manor but no one was sure where it had been. However, tales of broken farm machinery during ploughing Pinfold Leys, a small field next to the village church, pointed to this as being the most likely site. In 2012, together with FLAG members, Tony Connolly carried out a geophysical survey discovering extensive remains under the field and over the following six years a band of FLAG volunteers, directed by Mr Connolly, have painstakingly excavated the extensive manorial site including a large cobbled crew yard, the house itself which includes a beautifully built garde-robe, the manor kitchen, a 4 metre deep well, a large tithe barn, a cattle barn and a range of associated buildings including a forge and what was probably a brew-house.

This is probably the most completely excavated manorial site in Leicestershire and excavations are planned to come to an end at the end of 2017. The excavated remains will be preserved by carefully restoring the field to grazing land.

More information, including details of finds from the site, can be accessed here: LinkExternal link
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SK8329, 114 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
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Date Taken
Sunday, 23 July, 2017   (more nearby)
Submitted
Wednesday, 26 July, 2017
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Village, Rural settlement 
Place (from Tags)
Croxton Kerrial 
Primary Subject of Photo
Archaeology 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 835 294 [100m precision]
WGS84: 52:51.3531N 0:45.6103W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 835 294
View Direction
South-southeast (about 157 degrees)
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Other Tags
Medieval Manor House 

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Image Type (about): close look 
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