SX9292 : Quire east window, Exeter Cathedral

taken 2 months ago, near to Exeter, Devon, Great Britain

Quire east window, Exeter Cathedral
Quire east window, Exeter Cathedral
The original window was erected Circa 1300, as a six light window. When the east end of the cathedral was rebuilt, it had 3 lights added. Glazed first by Master Walter of Rouen in 1304 , it suffered a large amount of masonry decay by the 1380s and had to be remade.
The new design, completed in 1390, involved carrying four central mullions to the head of the window, and adding strength by securing them with transoms. In 1391 Robert Lyen of Exeter was commissioned to glaze the new window, resetting the surviving early 14th century glass and adding new panels where needed.

After the Reformation the window suffered some damage, losing several figures in its lowest and middle tiers. In the 18th century two restorations saw the introduction into the window of late medieval glass from elsewhere in the cathedral. Between 1894 and 1896 Frederick Drake, completely restored the east window glass. Between 1982 and 1986 the glass was conserved by Chapel Studios.

At the top and bottom of the window there are many coats of arms. Continuing down in the middle is: Abraham, Moses, and Isaiah. The row beneath this depicts Saint Sidwell (a female Saint of Devon), St Helen, an Archangel, St Michael, St Catherine, St Edward the Confessor, and St Edmund.
The main figures of the window are: St Margaret, St Catherine, Mary Magdalene, St Barbara, The Virgin and Child, St Martin, St Peter, St Paul, and St Andrew.
Exeter Cathedral
The Cathedral dates from 1050, when a Saxon minster already existed in the town. A new Norman style cathedral was started in 1133 and took about 50 years to complete. It was rebuilt in the Decorated Gothic style, around 1265 with the Norman towers retained, and was complete before 1400. The south tower now has 14 bells. The west front has much figure carving, and was restored and cleaned 1972. It was originally coloured, with depictions of the saints and Apostles.
The Bishop's Throne of 1313-1317, one of the finest pieces of woodwork of its date. The 50 or so misericords were carved between 1230-1270. The East window was first glazed in 1304.
The roof vault is the longest piece of medieval Gothic vaulting in the world. There are over 400 stone bosses, some over 2 tonnes weight, carved and painted. It is 68 feet high. The themes of both bosses and corbels throughout the cathedral are many and varied. The quality of the engraving of vegetation on some early bosses and corbels is outstanding. The best-known boss in the cathedral (in the nave) shows the assassination of Archbishop Thomas Becket in 1170.
There is a Minstrels Gallery in the Nave, dating from 1360 with 12 angel musicians playing different instruments. An Astronomical clock from 1484 is located in the North Transept, where Sun and moon orbit around a central Earth.
Luckily the cathedral did not suffer great damage in the Reformation, although many effigies and images were stripped and despoiled. The Cathedral was restored by Scott 1870-7.
Major damage occurred in 1942 when the Cathedral was hit by a bomb, but rebuilding was complete by 1952.
The Cathedral has several chapels and chantries and many monuments. It is dedicated to St Peter.
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SX9292, 1890 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
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Date Taken
Thursday, 20 July, 2017   (more nearby)
Submitted
Thursday, 3 August, 2017
Geographical Context
Religious sites 
Place (from Tags)
Exeter Cathedral 
Primary Subject of Photo
Window 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SX 9213 9254 [10m precision]
WGS84: 50:43.3464N 3:31.7719W
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Other Tags
East Window  Stained Glass Window  Medieval Stained Glass 

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Image Type (about): inside  close look 
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