SK3447 : Belper: William Street - backs and stacks

taken 7 months ago, near to Belper, Derbyshire, Great Britain

Belper: William Street - backs and stacks
Belper: William Street - backs and stacks
These houses have front gardens facing George Street. The chimney stacks nearly all have a pronounced southward lean.
Strutt housing in Belper
From the late 18th century onwards the Strutts developed housing in the area to the east of their textile mill on the River Derwent.

A variety of types of house were provided.

The earliest, and the smallest, are the terraces of Short Row, Mill Street (formerly Hedge Row) and Field Row, dating from around 1790. There are of brick construction

The next stage appears to have been the long terrace on the north side of Long Row (later broken by the railway) dating from the late 1790s. These are larger houses, rising to 3 storeys, built of local stone with slate roofs. A feature of these houses is that the house plans interlock, resulting in alternating wider and narrowing frontages. Of similar date and style is Crown Terrace, off Bridge Street, although here the houses do not interlock.

The terraced houses on the south side are slightly later, and built of brick. They have a much more traditional layout.

The final development from the early period, c.1803, consists of the so-called 'Cluster' houses, situated between what are now named William, George, and Joseph Streets, after the three sons of Jedediah Strutt who started the mills. These are blocks of four houses stone-built in a quartered layout, each with a substantial plot of ground and a pigsty and apparently intended for mill foremen and managers. Eight clusters were intended, but only five were built. Most of them have been extended in the 20th century as the original accommodation is quite limited by modern standards.

The Cluster house was developed by Bage of Shrewsbury and was widely copied in other countries. The Belper examples are thought to be the earliest remaining examples.

All these groups are Listed Grade II.

Although there has been some later infill development, the area remains remarkably original. The streets remain unadopted, so do not present a modern 'sanitised' appearance. In particular, Long Row retains its original stone paving of large sandstone setts.
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SK3447, 299 images   (more nearby )
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Date Taken
Tuesday, 8 August, 2017   (more nearby)
Thursday, 10 August, 2017
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Housing, Dwellings  City, Town centre 
Place (from Tags)
Derbyshire  Belper 
Season (from Tags)
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 3471 4782 [10m precision]
WGS84: 53:1.5930N 1:29.0363W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 3467 4783
View Direction
EAST (about 90 degrees)
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Image Type (about): geograph 
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