SJ8398 : Jubilee Fountain

taken 6 months ago, near to Manchester, Great Britain

Jubilee Fountain
Jubilee Fountain

The hexagonal granite Grade II listed LinkExternal link fountain with bronze decorative features which stands in Albert Square was commissioned in the 60th year of Queen Victoria's reign, the fountain also commemorates the supply of Manchester's drinking water from Thirlmere in the Lake District, a feat of Victorian engineering. The fountain was subject to some criticism and in the 1920s was moved to Heaton Park where it remained until 1986. It was designed by Thomas Worthington and includes sculptures by John Cassidy.
Jubilee Fountain in Albert Square
The Jubilee Fountain, in Albert Square, was designed to commemorate Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee in 1897 and also to replace a temporary fountain commemorating the new supply of drinking water to Manchester from Thirlmere in the Lake District in 1894.

The three-basin fountain, in granite and sandstone, was designed by Thomas Worthington. The sculptor John Cassidy modelled the bronze gargoyle spouts and a bronze dolphin which decorated the top of the fountain. The fountain was first turned on by the Lord Mayor, Robert Gibson, in January 1898. Its cost was estimated at between £1000 and £1200.

In the 1920s the fountain was moved to Heaton Park where it stood on the south side of Heaton Hall and where, over the following 70 years, it fell into disrepair. However after being restored the fountain was returned to its original location between the statues of Bright and Fraser in Albert Square in 1997.

The fountain is Grade II-listed (English Heritage List entry Number: 1200811 LinkExternal link Historic England)
Albert Square, Manchester
Albert Square is a public square in the centre of Manchester dominated by Manchester Town Hall. The square contains a number of monuments and statues, the largest of which is the Albert Memorial, a monument to Prince Albert, Prince consort of Queen Victoria. The square, named after the Prince, was laid out to provide a space for this memorial in 1863–67. Work on the town hall began in 1868 and was completed in 1877.

The area in which the square is situated was once derelict land and an area of dense housing near the Town Yard and the River Tib. The square's creation arose out of a project by Manchester Corporation's Monuments Committee to erect a memorial to Prince Albert who had died of typhoid in 1861. Clearing the site began in 1864, and required the demolition of over 100 buildings, including the Engraver's Arms pub, a coffee roasting works, a smithy, a coal yard and various warehouses. The project was encouraged by the visit of the Prince and Princess of Wales to open the Albert Monument in 1869.

It was decided to construct a new town hall for Manchester, as the old building in King Street had become too small. Following an architectural competition, Gothic designs for a building with a high bell tower by Sir Alfred Waterhouse were selected, and the Town Hall was begun in 1868 and completed in 1877.

In April 1972, the area around Albert Square was designated a conservation area, and in 1981 to include the neighbouring, newly created Lincoln Square. (The creation of Lincoln Square completed a "processional way" from the Law Courts through Spinningfields and Lincoln Square to the Town Hall.)

The centre of Albert Square was originally laid out in the form of a traffic circle and a group of bus stops occupied the western part. In 1987 the square was redesigned and the eastern side in front of the town hall was pedestrianised. The square was laid with fan-shaped granite setts, York stone paving and 'heritage'-style cast-iron street furniture.

Albert Square's largest monument is the Albert Memorial which is Grade I listed. It features a marble statue of Albert standing on a plinth and facing west, designed by Matthew Noble (1862–1867). The figure is placed within a large Medieval-style ciborium which was designed by the architect Thomas Worthington. Noble was commissioned by the then mayor, Thomas Goadsby, to sculpt the Prince's likeness, and the designs were personally approved by Queen Victoria. The Memorial is topped with an ornate spire, and on each side a crocketed gable with canopied pinnacles on colonettes. Within the canopies stand symbolic figures representing art, commerce, science and agriculture. Below these stand secondary figures representing particular disciplines:

The Four Arts: painting, architecture, music, sculpture
Commerce: the Four Continents
The Four Sciences: chemistry, astronomy, mechanics, mathematics
Agriculture: the Four Seasons

The coloured sett paving which was laid around the Memorial in 1987 depicts floral representations of the Four Home Nations of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales.

LinkExternal link
Manchester, Albert Square
The creation of Albert Square arose out of a project by Manchester Corporation's Monuments Committee to erect a memorial to Prince Albert who had died of typhoid in 1861. The area in which the square is situated was once derelict land and an area of dense housing near the Town Yard and the River Tib. The square, named after the Prince Consort, was laid out to provide a space for this memorial (SJ8398 : Manchester, Albert Memorial) in 1863–67. Work on the town hall, which now dominates the square, began in 1868 and was completed in 1877.

The centre of Albert Square was originally laid out in the form of a traffic circle and a group of bus stops occupied the western part. In 1987 the square was redesigned and the eastern side in front of the town hall was pedestrianised. The square was laid with fan-shaped granite setts, York stone paving and 'heritage'-style cast-iron street furniture.
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Grid Square
SJ8398, 2220 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
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Date Taken
Sunday, 23 April, 2017   (more nearby)
Submitted
Sunday, 1 October, 2017
Geographical Context
Public buildings and spaces  City, Town centre 
Person (from Tags)
Thomas Worthington 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SJ 8383 9814 [10m precision]
WGS84: 53:28.7839N 2:14.7070W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SJ 8383 9814
View Direction
North-northwest (about 337 degrees)
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Other Tags
Grade II Listed  Fountain  John Cassidy  Diamond Jubilee 

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