2009

NZ3866 : Frenchman's Bay

taken 15 years ago, near to South Shields, South Tyneside, England

This is 1 of 3 images, with title Frenchman's Bay in this square
Frenchman's Bay
Frenchman's Bay
Frenchman's Bay was once popular with smugglers and was named after a French ship that ran aground here in the 17th century. At one time it was a sandy bay, popular with visitors who descended the cliff by long wooden steps.

The cliff rocks were formed in the Permian period, 280 to 245 million years ago, when South Shields lay near the Equator. The soft, yellow sandstone at the base which was eroded by the sea to form the bay was formed by desert sand 250 million years ago. The desert was flooded by a warm, tropical sea forming a thin layer of dark marl slate with a large deposit of Magnesian Limestone above. The upper part of this layer has been folded by an underwater landslip and is known as the Raisby Formation. The top layer of rocks in the cliff are Concretionary Limestone overlaid with Boulder Clay deposited in the Ice Ages NZ3866 : Frenchman's Bay.
For full details of the Permian geology at this and neighbouring locations see LinkExternal link
A large coastal defence battery was constructed at Frenchmanís Point in the years 1900-1905 with 9.2-inch and 6-inch guns and was maintained with varying armament as part of the Tyne defences until 1943. The site was later partially demolished and landscaped and now forms part of the Leas recreational area LinkExternal link
The archaeology and history of the coast between South Shields and Whitburn was researched by the South Shields Arbeia Society in 2004 LinkExternal link

See other images of Frenchman's Bay

Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright Andrew Curtis and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
Category: Bay
This photo is linked from: Automatic Clusters: · Frenchman's Bay [7] Title Clusters: · Frenchman's Bay [3] ·
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
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Grid Square
NZ3866, 106 images   (more nearby 🔍)
Photographer
Andrew Curtis   (more nearby)
Date Taken
Monday, 28 December, 2009   (more nearby)
Submitted
Tuesday, 29 December, 2009
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NZ 3892 6616 [10m precision]
WGS84: 54:59.3111N 1:23.5978W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NZ 3899 6609
View Direction
Northwest (about 315 degrees)
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Image classification(about): Geograph
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