SK1693 : Hope Woodlands : Howden Reservoir

taken 9 years ago, near to Nether Hey [hill or Mountain], Sheffield, Great Britain

Hope Woodlands : Howden Reservoir
Hope Woodlands : Howden Reservoir
Howden Reservoir is a Y-shaped reservoir, the highest of the three in the Upper Derwent Valley. The western half of the reservoir lies in Derbyshire, whereas the eastern half is in South Yorkshire: the county boundary runs through the middle of the reservoir, following the original path of the River Derwent. The longest arm is around 1.25 miles (2 km) in length. At the southern end is Howden Dam. Below this, the River Derwent flows immediately into Derwent Reservoir, and subsequently Ladybower Reservoir. Other tributaries include Howden Clough, Linch Clough and the River Westend.

The Industrial Revolution and urbanisation of the 19th century created huge demand for water in the industrial cities of the East Midlands and South Yorkshire. Derwent Valley Water Board was created in 1899, to supply water to Derby, Leicester, Nottingham and Sheffield. The proximity of Sheffield, combined with high average rainfall and low population, made the case for reservoir construction. and the decision to dam the valley to create the Howden and Derwent reservoirs.

Between 1901 and 1903 a standard gauge railway of over 7 miles (11 km) was built from Bamford, to carry the thousands of tons of huge stones required for the construction of the two dams. Near to the southern end lay the newly opened quarry at Bole Hill. Remains of the railway can still be seen alongside Derwent Reservoir as well as at the western end of Ladybower Dam, where over 1.5 miles (2.4 km) of cutting and trackway remain, and are known locally as 'The Route'. Between the Howden and Derwent dams, the present road was built over the railway. After supplying well over a million tons of stone Bole Hill Quarry was closed in September 1914, with the end of the railway following soon after. The section between the Hope Valley Line at Hope and Yorkshire Bridge was relaid in 1935 to aid the construction of Ladybower Dam, but closed again in 1946.

Over 1,000 workers lived in the specially constructed self-contained village of Birchinlee, known as 'Tin Town', which consisted of well ordered corrugated iron homes along with shops, a school and a village hall. One of the metal huts was preserved and moved to Hope, where it is now a hairdressing salon. The workers that died during the construction of the dam were buried in Bamford churchyard.

Work commenced on the dam's construction on 16 July 1901, and was completed in 1912. It is of solid masonry construction, 117 feet (36 metres) tall; 1,080 feet (330 metres) long, and impounds 1.9 million gallons (8,600 kilolitres) of water, from a catchment area of 5,155 acres (20.86 square kilometres).

At the head of the reservoir, at Slippery Stones, stands a 17th century twin arched packhorse bridge, which once spanned the river at Derwent village. When Ladybower Reservoir was built in 1935, this would have been submerged beneath the waters. The bridge was dismantled, stone by stone, and in 1959 was rebuilt in memory of John Derry, editor of the 'Sheffield Independent'.

Dalesman: LinkExternal link (Archive LinkExternal link )
Derbyshire UK: LinkExternal link
High Peak Interactive: LinkExternal link
Wikipedia: LinkExternal link
Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright Ken Bagnall and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
+
+
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
TIP: Click the map for Large scale mapping
Change to interactive Map >
Grid Square
SK1693, 86 images   (more nearby search)
Photographer
  (find more nearby)
Date Taken
Sunday, 10 April, 2011   (more nearby)
Submitted
Sunday, 17 April, 2011
Category
Reservoir > Reservoir   (more nearby)
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 169 939 [100m precision]
WGS84: 53:26.5285N 1:44.7503W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 167 938
View Direction
East-northeast (about 67 degrees)
Looking for a postcode? Try this pageExternal link
Clickable map
+


Image classification(about): Geograph
This page has been viewed about 167 times.
View this location: KML (Google Earth) · Google MapsExternal link · Bing MapsExternal link · Geograph Coverage Map · geotagged! More Links for this image
NW N NE
W Go E
SW S SE
thumbs up icon
[Mark
You are not logged in login | register