SN8393 : Cyfartha lead mine - shaft and engine house

taken 8 years ago, 3 km from Dylife, Powys, Great Britain

Cyfartha lead mine - shaft and engine house
Cyfartha lead mine - shaft and engine house
The crater in the foreground is one of the engine shafts, which has been backfilled after operations ceased. To the left are the remnants of the engine house, which had a gap LinkExternal link on the side facing the shaft for the rope to pass through. The Nant Ddu passes through the gap between the engine house and the spoil tip at the back. The shaft LinkExternal link , engine house LinkExternal link and spoil tip LinkExternal link all have individual entries in the Coflein database[1].

Cyfartha mine is also known as Nantddu mine since most of its buildings are located in the valley of the Nant Ddu. Mine operations at Cyfartha lasted from 1842 to 1881. The ore was mined mostly for its lead and copper content. Cyfartha was an underground mine, with access to the levels through a number of shafts. Power was generated using two water wheels and a horse-powered whim. The water feeding the wheels came mainly from the Nant Ddu, supplemented by a long leat abstracting water from the Nant Goch about a kilometre to the north. Since the water wheels are located lower than the openings of the engine shafts, power was transmitted using a flatrod system, i.e. a series of linked iron rods moving backwards and forwards as the wheel turns (see Wikipedia article on Eylesbarrow mine in Devon LinkExternal link for details of the mechanism). For a detailed description of the mine, see Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust LinkExternal link . Cyfartha mine as whole is listed in the Coflein[1] database LinkExternal link .
1. Coflein
The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales (RCAHMW) maintains a web data base ('Coflein') of all the records it holds. Each data set has a short description and is classified in terms of period and function, and sources of surveys of the location are given. Search Coflein at: LinkExternal link
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SN8393, 35 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
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Date Taken
Sunday, 10 April, 2011   (more nearby)
Submitted
Saturday, 23 April, 2011
Category
Mine   (more nearby)
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SN 8333 9313 [10m precision]
WGS84: 52:31.4109N 3:43.2633W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SN 8333 9313
View Direction
SOUTH (about 180 degrees)
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