SN8393 : Cyfartha lead mine

taken 9 years ago, 3 km from Dylife, Powys, Great Britain

Cyfartha lead mine
Cyfartha lead mine
The view follows the Nant Ddu as it runs through the surface structures of Cyfartha mine. The photograph was taken from a spoil tip just west of one of the engine shafts. Another spoil tip can be seen on the right, on the other side of the Nant Ddu. The ruined building on the left is the engine house Link , which would have housed a pulley system carrying a rope down the shaft Link . The shaft itself (now backfilled) is between the camera and the engine house, in the depression beyond the grassy patch on the left. The building in the middle distance is a wheel pit Link which once housed a water wheel driven by the Nant Ddu. The engine house was supplied with mechanical power from this wheel pit using a flatrod system. The engine house LinkExternal link , shaft LinkExternal link , spoil tip LinkExternal link and wheel pit LinkExternal link are all listed individually on the Coflein[1] database.

Cyfartha mine is also known as Nantddu mine since most of its buildings are located in the valley of the Nant Ddu. Mine operations at Cyfartha lasted from 1842 to 1881. The ore was mined mostly for its lead and copper content. Cyfartha was an underground mine, with access to the levels through a number of shafts. Power was generated using two water wheels and a horse-powered whim. The water feeding the wheels came mainly from the Nant Ddu, supplemented by a long leat abstracting water from the Nant Goch about a kilometre to the north. Since the water wheels are located lower than the openings of the engine shafts, power was transmitted using a flatrod system, i.e. a series of linked iron rods moving backwards and forwards as the wheel turns (see Wikipedia article on Eylesbarrow mine in Devon LinkExternal link for details of the mechanism). For a detailed description of the mine, see Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust LinkExternal link . Cyfartha mine as whole is listed in the Coflein[1] database LinkExternal link .
1. Coflein
The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales (RCAHMW) maintains a web data base ('Coflein') of all the records it holds. Each data set has a short description and is classified in terms of period and function, and sources of surveys of the location are given. Search Coflein at: LinkExternal link
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SN8393, 35 images   (more nearby )
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Date Taken
Sunday, 10 April, 2011   (more nearby)
Saturday, 23 April, 2011
Mine   (more nearby)
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SN 833 930 [100m precision]
WGS84: 52:31.3404N 3:43.2871W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SN 8331 9312
View Direction
South-southeast (about 157 degrees)
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Image classification(about): Geograph
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