NZ3769 : Short Sands and Tynemouth Priory and Castle

taken 8 years ago, near to Tynemouth, North Tyneside, Great Britain

Short Sands and Tynemouth Priory and Castle
Short Sands and Tynemouth Priory and Castle
From left to right, the coastguard station together with the ruins of the priory and castle can all be seen on Pen Bal Crag, above Short Sands.
Tynemouth Castle and Priory
Tynemouth Castle and Priory, located on a rocky headland of Pen Bal Crag, overlooking the North Sea and the River Tyne, was once one of the largest fortified areas in England.

The moated castle-towers, gatehouse and keep are combined with the ruins of the Benedictine priory where early kings of Northumbria were buried.

A monastery lay on this headland by the mid 7th Century and following plunder by the Danes in the ninth century the headland was fortified by Tostig, Earl of Northumberland. In 1296 Edward I granted the prior and convent a formal licence to crenellate (LinkExternal link ) and it was considered by Edward III to be one of the strongest fortresses of the Marches.
Much of the castle was demolished in 1665 by the then Governor, Colonel Edward Villiers, to build a new barracks, a lighthouse and a house for himself. By 1681 the castle had decayed and only had a “slender garrison”. It remained manned until the 20th century when it was handed over from the War Office for preservation.

More recently the site has hosted the modern buildings of Her Majesty's Coastguard. However the new coastguard station, built in 1980 and opened by Prince Charles, was closed in 2001.

LinkExternal link English Heritage
LinkExternal link - North of the Tyne
Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright David Dixon and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
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NZ3769, 351 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
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Date Taken
Monday, 20 June, 2011   (more nearby)
Submitted
Sunday, 26 June, 2011
Geographical Context
Coastal  Historic sites and artefacts  Religious sites  Defence, Military 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NZ 3729 6948 [10m precision]
WGS84: 55:1.1085N 1:25.1002W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NZ 3709 6951
View Direction
EAST (about 90 degrees)
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Other Tags
Mediaeval  Medieval  Castle  Priory  Ruins  English Heritage  Sandy Beach  Coastguard Station 

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