NT8260 : Ploughed field near Marygold

taken 9 years ago, near to Marygold, Scottish Borders, Great Britain

Ploughed field near Marygold
Ploughed field near Marygold
The earliest form of cultivation consisted simply of scratching the soil with a branch or antler to enable a seed to be buried. Early ploughs did no more than this. Later models were designed to bury the remains of the previous crop and surface debris.

The Romans designed a plough with stout iron teeth mounted on a wooden sole which turned the soil. Celts and Romans, using light ploughs, adopted the practice of cross-ploughing, so that their fields tended to be almost square. The Saxons, using a heavy, eight-oxen plough, made their fields long to reduce the number of turns. The old English furlong, one-eighth of a mile, is derived from ‘furrow long’.

The earliest mould-board plough, similar to that used today, dates from Saxon times. But the really modern mould-board dates from the 18th century with the introduction of iron. Double-furrow ploughs, pulled by two horses, were common until tractors were introduced. Today, powerful tractors pull banks of ploughs which cut many furrows at the same time.
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NT8260, 14 images   (more nearby )
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Date Taken
Friday, 8 April, 2011   (more nearby)
Saturday, 17 September, 2011
Geographical Context
Uplands  Farm, Fishery, Market Gardening 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NT 8284 6056 [10m precision]
WGS84: 55:50.2773N 2:16.5336W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NT 8288 6046
View Direction
North-northwest (about 337 degrees)
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Other Tags
Ploughed Fields  Barn  Woodland 

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