TV6299 : Redoubt Cannon

taken 7 years ago, near to Eastbourne, East Sussex, Great Britain

Redoubt Cannon
Redoubt Cannon
Eastbourne Redoubt, on Royal Parade, was built in the early nineteenth century. In response to the threat of a possible invasion by Napoleon, the British Government began a massive building program to defend the south coast. 74 Martello Towers were built as well as three circular fortresses (redoubts) at Eastbourne, Dymchurch and Harwich.

Nelson’s victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805 ended any risk that Britain would be invaded. By 1859 advances in warfare and artillery meant that a British Government report found that the Martello Towers and Redoubts were ‘not an important element of security against attack’. The Redoubt slowly fell into disuse.

During the First World War the Redoubt was used by military police as a headquarters and temporary jail. During the Second World War the building was requisitioned by the army to be used for storage. Canadian troops also spent time there in the build up to the D-Day landings.

The redoubt opened as a military museum in 1977, and is now the largest military museum in south east England. It houses collections from The Royal Sussex Regiment, The Queen's Royal Irish Hussars, and the Sussex Combined Services Collection.

The fortress was originally equipped with ten 24-pounder guns. When it opened as a museum, no 24-pounders like the originals could be found. Portsmouth City Council agreed to loan several smaller guns, like this one, and they are sited around the gun deck.

LinkExternal link Eastbourne Museums “History of the Redoubt
LinkExternal link Wikipedia article
Redoubt Fortress, Eastbourne :: TV6298
For over 200 years the Redoubt has stood ready to defend the Eastbourne coast. It formed part of a chain of fortifications built to deter Napoleon's forces in the early 1800s, and it still stands as a unique monument to that time. Garrisoned by troops until the early 1900s and again during World War II the fortress is now a suitable and atmospheric home to three military collections LinkExternal link
Martello Towers
Martello Towers, or 'Martellos', were small defensive forts first built in 1805 in South East England during the Napoleonic War. They were also built on the East Coast of England and around Ireland, as well as three in Scotland.

On the flat parapet roof was mounted a cannon. The round shape of the building allowed it to rotate 360°, able to defend all directions. The entrance to the tower was raised above ground level to stop easy access by the enemy. Read more Link
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TV6299, 277 images   (more nearby )
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Date Taken
Saturday, 4 August, 2012   (more nearby)
Saturday, 11 August, 2012
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Educational sites  Defence, Military 
Place (from Tags)
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! TV 6231 9964 [10m precision]
WGS84: 50:46.4182N 0:18.0370E
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! TV 6230 9965
View Direction
SOUTH (about 180 degrees)
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Other Tags
Gun  Cannon  Napoleonic War  Napoleon  Military  Museum  Nineteenth Century  Barracks  Gun Tower  Redoubt  19th Century  Fortress  Fort 

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