NY6166 : Hadrian's Wall, Birdoswald Roman Fort

taken 9 years ago, near to Gilsland, Cumbria, Great Britain

Hadrian's Wall, Birdoswald Roman Fort
Hadrian's Wall, Birdoswald Roman Fort
Hadrian's Wall

Hadrian's wall or 'Vallum Aelium' is the remains of a large Roman fortification. The wall extended west from Segedunum at Wallsend on the River Tyne to the shore of the Solway Firth, ending a short but unknown distance west of the village of Bowness-on-Solway. Construction probably started sometime in AD 122 and was largely completed within six years.

The remains were made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.

Birdoswald (Banna) Roman Fort, Cumbria

Birdoswald Roman Fort, is one of the best preserved of the 16 forts along Hadrian's Wall. The fort is situated towards the western end of the Wall in a commanding position on a triangular spur of land bounded by cliffs to the south and east overlooking a broad meander of the River Irthing in Cumbria. In Roman times, the fort was known as Banna* (Latin for "spur" or "tongue"), reflecting the geography of the site.

The fort was occupied by Roman auxiliaries from approximately AD 112 AD to 400. Excavations between 1987 and 1992 showed an unbroken sequence of occupation on the site of the fort granaries, running from the late Roman period until possibly 500AD.

Today the fort's site is operated by English Heritage as Birdoswald Roman Fort. The visitor centre features displays and reconstructions of the fort, exhibits about life in Roman Britain, the site's history through the ages, and archaeological discoveries in the 19th and 20th centuries. Visitors can walk outside along the excavated remains of the fort.

*The name of the Birdoswald fort has been in dispute for some considerable time, the argument being compounded by discrepancies in the Roman maps of the period. The name of this fort was either Banna or Camboglanna, depending on which map you used.

LinkExternal link English Heritage Birdoswald Roman Fort – Hadrian’s Wall

LinkExternal link Banna, Hadrian's Wall Fort and Settlement, Roman-Britain.org

LinkExternal link Banna (Birdoswald), Wikipedia

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NY6166, 153 images   (more nearby search)
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Date Taken
Friday, 19 October, 2012   (more nearby)
Monday, 22 October, 2012
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NY 61603 66305 [1m precision]
WGS84: 54:59.3906N 2:36.0969W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NY 6158 6631
View Direction
East-southeast (about 112 degrees)
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Other Tags
English Heritage  Hadrians Wall  Archaeological Site  Birdoswald  Banna  Camboglanna  1st Century  First Century  Roman  Wall 

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