SJ8382 : Condenser Mule, Quarry Bank Mill

taken 5 years ago, near to Styal, Cheshire, Great Britain

Condenser Mule, Quarry Bank Mill
Condenser Mule, Quarry Bank Mill
This is a condenser mule; it uses waste cotton (short fibres) to weave cloths like teatowels and dusters. A fine mule spins much thinner yarn of higher quality higher. Today, most cotton is spun by ring spinning but for years, the British cotton industry relied on mule spinning to produce yarn.

Invented in 1779, the mule was originally operated part by hand and part by water power. The carriage moved out under water power but then had to be taken back by hand. The first fully automatic mule was invented by Richard Roberts in 1830, but hand mules were still in use in the 1880s.
Quarry Bank Mill
Quarry Bank Mill, on the River Bollin in the village of Styal, was founded by Samuel Greg in 1784 for the spinning of cotton and, by the time of his retirement in 1832, it was the largest cotton spinning business in the UK. The mill was originally powered by a water wheel. During the 19th century, this was supplemented by steam engines as the water supply from the Bollin was inconsistent during the summer months.

In 1939, Quarry Bank Mill and the surrounding estate were donated to the National Trust and are open to the public. The mill is one of the best preserved textile mills of the Industrial Revolution period and now serves as a museum of the cotton industry. Commercial production at the mill continued until 1959.

Quarry Bank Mill has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.

LinkExternal link - Quarry Bank Mill and Styal Estate (National Trust)
LinkExternal link - Quarry Bank Mill (Wikipedia article with more information about the history of the mill and estate)
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SJ8382, 162 images   (more nearby )
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Date Taken
Sunday, 16 June, 2013   (more nearby)
Friday, 21 June, 2013
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Educational sites  Industry 
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Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SJ 8344 8297 [10m precision]
WGS84: 53:20.6019N 2:15.0115W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SJ 8344 8296
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NORTH (about 0 degrees)
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