SD7513 : Affetside Cross And A P30 Nearby On The Green, P86

taken 8 years ago, near to Bradshaw, Bolton, Great Britain

Affetside Cross And A P30 Nearby On The Green, P86
Affetside Cross And A P30 Nearby On The Green, P86
Affetside is derived from the Old English ofer (border or boundary) and side or site (hillside) meaning the boundary on the hill, which is appropriate as its highest point is 900 ft (277 m) above sea level. The boundary follows the route of the Roman road known as Watling Street that ran from Manchester (Mamucium) and Ribchester (Bremetennacum) built in about 72AD.
The cross is a listed grade II structure. Its shaft is made from a single piece of gritstone on a plinth consisting of two stone steps, one circular, 2.28 m (7.5 ft) in diameter, and 0.1 m (4 inches) high and a smaller one 1.6 m (5 ft 3 inches) in diameter, and 0.25 m (10 inches) high. The shaft is a pillar with a square base 0.34 m (1 ft) wide tapering to a column 1.43 m (4 ft 8 inches) high. At 1.34m (4 ft 4 inches) there is a collar with a bun shaped capital. On its top is a socket that may have held the cross head or stone ball.
Affetside Cross was damaged in the 1890s by persons mistakenly believing it concealed hidden treasure and was repaired by the Lord of the Manor. It marks the supposed half-way point between London and Edinburgh and its origin remains a mystery though it is thought to date from medieval times or earlier. Its proximity to the Roman road has caused many to speculate it to be Roman but others consider it a medieval route marker for pilgrims en route to Whalley Abbey. There is another such cross at Holcombe Moor to the east and one at Bradshaw which has been removed. The theory is plausible as the old east-west packhorse trail was a major route for the passage of goods and people. Another explanation is it is a market cross from Jacobean or Georgian times but Affetside had no market charter though markets did exist without one. It may mark the site of an earlier beacon due to its dominant position. The loss of the cross head is undated and there is no proof that it had one.
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SD7513, 68 images   (more nearby search)
Photographer
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Date Taken
Saturday, 6 July, 2013   (more nearby)
Submitted
Saturday, 6 July, 2013
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Uplands  Village, Rural settlement  Roads, Road transport 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SD 7546 1368 [10m precision]
WGS84: 53:37.1449N 2:22.3475W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SD 7544 1368
View Direction
East-northeast (about 67 degrees)
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Other Tags
Affetside Cross  Affetside  Watling Street  Grade II Listed  Tump  P86 

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