SK7685 : Bench Mark, Church of St Peter & St Paul, North Wheatley

taken 8 years ago, near to North Wheatley, Nottinghamshire, Great Britain

Bench Mark, Church of St Peter & St Paul, North Wheatley
Bench Mark, Church of St Peter & St Paul, North Wheatley
See Link for location.
Bench Mark

Bench marks were historically used to record the height above sea level of a location as surveyed against the Mean Sea Level data (taken at Clarendon Dock, Belfast, for Northern Ireland data, Newlyn in Cornwall for data in Great Britain and Portmoor Pier, Malin Head, for data relating to the Republic of Ireland). They were used as part of a greater surveying network by the UK Ordnance Survey, Ordnance Survey Northern Ireland (OSNI) and the Ordnance Survey Ireland (OSI). If the exact height of one bench mark is known then the exact height of the next can be found by measuring the difference in heights, through a process of spirit levelling. In this way hundreds of thousands of bench marks were sited all around the UK & Ireland from the mid 19th to late 20th centuries. There are several distinct types of bench mark:

- Fundamental bench marks have been constructed at selected sites where foundations can be set on stable strata such as bedrock. Each FBM consists of a buried chamber with a brass bolt set in the top of a granite pillar. See NG8825 : Dornie fundamental bench mark for an example. FBMs were used in Ireland as well as GB but those in Ireland do not have any surface markers, nor are they marked on standard maps.
- Flush brackets consist of metal plates about 90 mm wide and 175 mm long. Each bracket has a unique serial number. They are most commonly found on most Triangulation Pillars, some churches or on other important civic buildings. See J3270 : Flush Bracket, Belfast for an example.
- Cut bench marks are the commonest form of mark. They consist of a horizontal bar cut into a wall or brickwork and are found just about anywhere. A broad arrow is cut immediately below the centre of the horizontal bar. See J3372 : Bench Mark, Belfast for an example. The horizontal mark may be replaced by or contain a bolt - see J1486 : Bench Mark, Antrim.
Other marks include:
- Projecting bench marks such as SD8072 : Projecting Bracket Benchmark on St Oswald's Tower
- Bolt bench marks such as SJ1888 : OSBM bolt on Hilbre Island
- Rivet bench marks such as J3978 : Bench Mark, Holywood
- Pivot bench marks such as SJ2661 : Pivot bench mark on Leeswood Bridge

Bench marks are commonly found on older buildings or other semi-permanent features such as stone bridges or walls. Due to updated mapping techniques and technological advances such as GPS, bench marks are no longer maintained. Many are still in existence and the markers will probably remain until they are eventually destroyed by redevelopment or erosion.

Church of St Peter & St Paul, North Wheatley

A simple church consisting of aisleless nave and chancel with 19th century vestry and a west tower. The nave is largely 15th century, as is the tower. The chancel was rebuilt in 1824, and the vestry added at this time. The exterior is generally unexceptional; the large west window in Perpendicular style is a 19th century insertion.

The interior contains several items of note. The font is a simple Norman tub font. Close to the font is an old hand-quern set into the wall, possibly to serve as a stoup. Also the remains of a Roman tombstone found in the churchyard in 1928. Ten of the bench ends are original early 15th century (attached to modern benches) with traceried panels and the remainder are 20th century copies. There is a small ogee-headed aumbry in the south wall of the nave. The pulpit is late Elizabethan in style, dating from 1604. The ladder-staircase up to the ringing chamber consists of rough-hewn oak steps attached to a pair of oak beams and may be medieval in original - certainly pre-19th century.

The south door is an unusual triangular arch without curves of early 16th century origin.

The church is Listed Grade II*. For more information see LinkExternal link

Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright Alan Murray-Rust and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
TIP: Click the map for Large scale mapping
Change to interactive Map >
Grid Square
SK7685, 101 images   (more nearby search)
  (find more nearby)
Date Taken
Sunday, 28 September, 2014   (more nearby)
Saturday, 4 October, 2014
Geographical Context
Construction, Development 
Building Material (from Tags)
Primary Subject of Photo
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 7619 8586 [10m precision]
WGS84: 53:21.8478N 0:51.3915W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 7619 8586
View Direction
SOUTH (about 180 degrees)
Looking for a postcode? Try this pageExternal link
Clickable map

Other Tags
Bench Mark 

Click a tag, to view other nearby images.

Image classification(about): Supplemental image
This page has been viewed about 16 times.
View this location: KML (Google Earth) · Google MapsExternal link · Bing MapsExternal link · Geograph Coverage Map · geotagged! More Links for this image
W Go E
thumbs up icon
You are not logged in login | register