NY9546 : East dam at Sikehead Dams

taken 6 years ago, near to Townfield, County Durham, Great Britain

East  dam at Sikehead Dams
East dam at Sikehead Dams
The Sikehead Dams created under the influence of the mining engineer John Taylor were central to the water management system of the Derwent lead mines in the early to mid C19th. The eastern dam runs NNW-SSE, is approximately 6 metres wide at the base and 2 metres high, has a drystone revetment on the inner face with a revetted stone overspill at the south end. The dam currently holds water which is directed via a narrow watercourse to the Presser Pumping Station. The western dam, north of Sikehead Lead Mines has been drained.
Sikehead Lead Mine

Sikehead lead mine and dressing floor formed part of the Derwent lead mines complex. It includes two shafts sunk in the 1840s: Ruth Shaft for pumping, and Ellen Shaft for winding. Ruth Shaft was originally operated by flatrods from the poorly preserved Deborah Level 0.6 kilometres to the WNW. When a branch railway line was extended across the moors to Sikehead, the availability of coal allowed the construction and operation of an economically viable steam engine and led to the removal of the flatrod system. The low remains of the Cornish beam engine house and boiler house are situated to the south of Ruth Shaft. The chimney survives to 14 metres in height with a 3.5 metre diameter base and a firerick built arched opening. Ellen Shaft, situated just to the north, is capped with concrete and an iron plate. A small hand operated cast iron capstan is situated on top of the plate.

Sikehead mine is a good example of a C19th nucleated mine with many rare features of Cornish influence not encountered on other sites in the North Pennines.

Pastscape: LinkExternal link Archive LinkExternal link
British Mining No.55 Sikehead Lead Mine: LinkExternal link

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NY9546, 74 images   (more nearby search)
Photographer
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Date Taken
Friday, 17 October, 2014   (more nearby)
Submitted
Saturday, 18 October, 2014
Geographical Context
Uplands  Lakes, Wetland, Bog  Moorland 
Primary Subject of Photo
Dam 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NY 9580 4663 [10m precision]
WGS84: 54:48.8705N 2:4.0127W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NY 95818 46592
View Direction
North-northwest (about 337 degrees)
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