TQ1470 : The Water Gardens and Cascade, Bushy Park

taken 5 years ago, near to Teddington, Richmond Upon Thames, Great Britain

The Water Gardens and Cascade, Bushy Park
The Water Gardens and Cascade, Bushy Park
Bushy was one of the three parks enclosed by Cardinal Wolsey in the early 16th century as part of his Hampton Court estate which was built from 1515 and given to Henry VIII along with the palace in 1525. In 1638-9 Charles I had a tributary of the River Colne diverted through Bushy Park to form the Longford River, bringing water right into the grounds of Hampton Court Palace. This provided a water supply for the numerous water features in the parks. Numerous smaller ponds and other water features in Bushy Park have been added at various times since the 16th century.

Charles Montagu, Earl of Halifax was Ranger of Bushy Park. In 1710 he rebuilt his official residence, Upper Lodge, and set about improving the grounds. Halifax exploited three different sources of water to create his Water Gardens. He straightened the route of the Longford River from its entry into the park, leading into the newly-formed Octagonal Basin and over the five-tier cascade into the lower pool, returning the water to the Longford River for the necessary onward water supply to Hampton Court Palace. The shape of the lower pool is unusual and copies one at Boughton House in Northamptonshire, constructed a few years earlier by Halifax’s uncle, John Montagu. Restoration of the Water Garden was completed by the Royal Parks in 2009.

For a photograph of Upper Lodge and more information about its later use see LinkExternal link
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TQ1470, 101 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
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Date Taken
Thursday, 11 December, 2014   (more nearby)
Submitted
Friday, 19 December, 2014
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Park and Public Gardens  Lakes, Wetland, Bog 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! TQ 144 705 [100m precision]
WGS84: 51:25.3606N 0:21.2858W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! TQ 145 706
View Direction
Southwest (about 225 degrees)
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Royal Parks 

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