NS7994 : The Beheading Stone

taken 11 years ago, near to Cambuskenneth, Stirling, Great Britain

This is 1 of 3 images, with title The Beheading Stone in this square
The Beheading Stone
The Beheading Stone
In the background, on the right, is the Wallace Monument on the Abbey Craig.

For more about the stone, and for more context, see NS7994 : Cannons and the Beheading Stone on Mote Hill, which I took on the same occasion.

For other views, see NS7994 : The Beheading Stone / NS7994 : Stirling, Mote Hill (with useful links) / NS7994 : The beheading stone.

The inscription on the plaque is as follows: "The Beheading Stone: Protected by the public at the instance of the Stirling Natural History & Archaeological Society / 1887".

The stone, long before it was enclosed in the present structure, was mentioned by William Nimmo in his 1777 "History of Stirlingshire". I cannot vouch for his historical accuracy, but merely quote the relevant passages below for interest.

From page 252: "Opposite to the castle, upon the north, lies the Gowan Hill, upon which is a stone, with an inscription, but it is unintelligible, nor does it appear, from the form of the letters, to be of any great antiquity. Upon the northern extremity of this hill, near the bridge, is a small mount, well known in the neighbourhood by the uncouth name of Hurly-Haaky, surrounded at the top with a parapet of earth, and having other remains of artificial works upon it. Upon this mount, Duncan Earl of Lennox, with his son-in-law, Murdoch Duke of Albany, who had been sometime governor of the realm, was beheaded, May 18th 1425, as were Walter and Alexander Stewarts, sons of that Duke, the day following".

On page 255 of the same work, Nimmo mentions this location again, stating that "it is highly probable, that Hurly Haaky was the mote hill of the castle of Stirling, or perhaps of a much larger jurisdiction".

For the meaning of "mote hill" (or "moot hill"), compare NS5477 : Moot Hill, Mugdock Country Park, NS2587 : Tom a' Mhòid, and the final few paragraphs at NS4865 : The Marjory Bruce Cairn.

The name "Gowan Hills" was formerly applied to what is now Gowan Hill, Mote Hill, and the part that was later reshaped to form Ballengeich Cemetery. That earlier usage is reflected in the quotation from p252 of Nimmo, above.
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Grid Square
NS7994, 217 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
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Date Taken
Tuesday, 22 July, 2008   (more nearby)
Submitted
Monday, 8 June, 2015
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts 
Former (from Tags)
Place of Execution 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NS 7933 9447 [10m precision]
WGS84: 56:7.6593N 3:56.5730W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NS 7932 9447
View Direction
Northeast (about 45 degrees)
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